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Mechanobiological models have previously been used to predict the time course of the tissue differentiation process, with the local mechanical environment as the regulator of cell activity. However, since the supply of oxygen and nutrients to cells is also a regulator of cell differentiation and oxygen diffusion is limited to few hundred micrometers from(More)
Mechanical stimuli are one of the factors that influence tissue differentiation. In the development of biomaterials for bone tissue engineering, mechanical stimuli and formation of a vascular network that transport oxygen to cells within the pores of the scaffolds are essential. Angiogenesis and cell differentiation have been simulated in scaffolds of(More)
Dynamic processes modify bone micro-structure to adapt to external loading and avoid mechanical failure. Age-related cortical bone loss is thought to occur because of increased endocortical resorption and reduced periosteal formation. Differences in the (re)modeling response to loading on both surfaces, however, are poorly understood. Combining in-vivo(More)
Mechanical loading can increase cortical bone mass by shifting the balance between bone formation and resorption towards increased formation. With advancing age resorption outpaces formation resulting in a net loss in cortical bone mass. How cortical bone (re)modeling - especially resorption - responds to mechanical loading with aging remains unclear. In(More)
Bone loss occurs during adulthood in both women and men and affects trabecular bone more than cortical bone. The mechanism responsible for trabecular bone loss during adulthood remains unexplained, but may be due at least in part to a reduced mechanoresponsiveness. We hypothesized that trabecular and cortical bone would respond anabolically to loading and(More)
Bone is a tissue with enormous adaptive capacity, balancing resorption and formation processes. It is known that mechanical loading shifts this balance towards an increased formation, leading to enhanced bone mass and mechanical performance. What is not known is how this adaptive response to mechanical loading changes with age. Using dynamic(More)
It is well established that the mechanical environment modulates tissue differentiation, and a number of mechanoregulatory theories for describing the process have been proposed. In this study, simulations of an in vivo bone chamber experiment were performed that allowed direct comparison with experimental data. A mechanoregulation theory for mesenchymal(More)
Computational simulations of tissue differentiation have been able to capture the main aspects of tissue formation/regeneration observed in animal experiments-except for the considerable degree of variability reported. Understanding and modelling the source of this variability is crucial if computational tools are to be developed for clinical applications.(More)
The course of bone healing in animal models is conventionally monitored by morphologic approaches, which do not allow the determination of the material properties of the tissues involved. Mechanical characterization techniques are either dedicated to the macroscopic evaluation of the entire organ or to the microscopic evaluation of the tissue matrix. The(More)
Bone adapts to changes in the local mechanical environment (e.g. strains) through formation and resorption processes. However, the bone adaptation response is significantly reduced with increasing age. The mechanical strains induced within the bone by external loading are determined by bone morphology and tissue material properties. Although it is known(More)