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BACKGROUND Magnesium deficiency is associated with poor physical performance, but no trials are available on how magnesium supplementation affects elderly people's physical performance. OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to investigate whether 12 wk of oral magnesium supplementation can improve physical performance in healthy elderly women. DESIGN In a(More)
The role of gender in the causation of first and recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) is uncertain. The use of hormonal therapy and pregnancy has been associated with VTE in women. Epidemiological studies have described a higher incidence of first VTE in women of childbearing age. Nevertheless, no consistent differences in the overall incidence of VTE(More)
PURPOSE Among the risk factors for osteoporosis and fractures, gynecological history (fertile period, parity and breastfeeding) play an important part. Changes in calcium metabolism to enable an adequate mineral transfer to the milk have a prominent role in bone loss during breastfeeding. Data on the influence of breastfeeding in postmenopausal osteoporosis(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Aging is characterized by a loss of appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASMM) leading to physical disability and death. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is reliable in estimating ASMM but no prediction equations are available for elderly Caucasian subjects. The aim of the study was to develop and validate an equation derived from(More)
OBJECTIVE High serum levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) seem to coincide with higher rates of some types of cancer and the risk of all-cause mortality in old people. Eating vegetables seems to reduce IGF-1 levels because they are rich in micronutrients such as vitamins. This study investigates the possible association between vitamin intake and(More)
Whether the administration of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) during pregnancy is effective in preventing obstetric complications and pregnancy-related venous thromboembolism (VTE) in women who are carriers of factor V Leiden (FVL) and/or prothrombin variant G20210A (PTm) is controversial. This observational study investigated the possible efficacy of(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to ascertain the effect of weight loss over the course of 1 year on 5-year mortality in old nursing home (NH) residents in different classes of body mass index (BMI). SUBJECTS/METHODS A longitudinal study was conducted on 161 NH residents aged ⩾ 70 years at the Istituto di Riposo per Anziani, Padova,(More)
UNLABELLED Although older people are particularly liable to sarcopenia, limited research is available on beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) supplementation in this population, particularly in healthy subjects. In this parallel-group, randomized, controlled, open-label trial, we aimed to evaluate whether an oral supplement containing 1.5 g of calcium HMB(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Congestive heart failure (CHF) is characterized by high levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), expanded total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW). Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) has demonstrated high diagnostic accuracy in CHF but no information is available for older patients. We hypothesized that, in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Older women have frequently low serum 25-hydroxivitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations, high parathormone (PTH) levels and low bone mineral density (BMD) values. Endogenous synthesis, dietary habits, sunlight exposure and fat-mass-mediated storage may influence 25(OH)D levels and bone metabolism, but the relevance of these factors in the elderly has(More)