Sara Borrell

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The purpose of the present study was to investigate in rats, the effects of sound stimulation upon both the pituitary-adrenal activity (evaluated by the levels of serum corticosterone (B)) and brain dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA). Serum B in rats placed inside the experimental chamber without any sound stimulation was increased and brain DA decreased.(More)
Acute ethanol administration (2 g/kg IP) induced a significant rise in serum corticosterone levels which seemed to be related to blood ethanol concentration. Chronic ethanol administration, in the form of a liquid diet for 16 or 30 days, did not alter the levels of serum corticosterone. Chronic treatment of rats with a liquid diet containing ethanol(More)
Corticosteroids and ascorbic acid in the adrenal glands of adult cats have been investigated after single or repeated administration of morphine. Also plasma levels and urinary excretion of corticosteroids were determined. A significant increase in the content of corticosteroids in the glands and plasma was found after initial injection of morphine. After 7(More)
Adrenaline and noradrenaline levels in the adrenal glands and the excretion of both bioamines in urine of adult cats were investigated after chronic administration of morphine and nalorphine-induced withdrawal. After 7 days of daily consecutive morphine treatment, a significant increase in the adrenal noradrenaline content and a drop in adrenaline content(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of acute and chronic administration of morphine upon the pituitary-adrenal activity and adrenal catecholamines in rats and cats, two animal species with very different behavioural patterns of response to the opiate. Acute administration of the drug induced in both animal species an activation of(More)
Following the administration of 250 mg/kg of alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (H 44/68) to adult cats, an increase in plasma cortisol was found before any decrease in the contents of noradrenaline in the diencephalon could be observed; this suggests that the induced release of ACTH by H 44/68 administration may be independent of the synthesis impairment of(More)
Rats maintained on an ethanol-liquid diet developed physical dependence after 16 days. Activation of adrenocortical function and overactivity of the sympathoadrenal system were observed during withdrawal from ethanol. The opiate antagonist naloxone prevented the adrenomedullary response, and attenuated, though not significantly, the increases in serum(More)
The variations in levels of adrenal dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (A) after acute and chronic ethanol administration have been studied in rats. A relatively moderate dose of ethanol (2 g/kg) induced significant increases in DA levels, while NA and A concentrations did not change, or decreased depending on the interval of time elapsed(More)
The effects of subcutaneous adrenaline administration on preference for ethanol (2.5% solution) have been investigated, using a two-bottle choice situation. Administration of the amine (50 μg/kg) immediately after the conditioning session significantly attenuated ethanol preference. Adrenaline treatment (10, 50 or 100 μg/kg) prior to the first retention(More)