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Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) and homocystinuria, cblC type (MIM 277400) is the most frequent inborn error of vitamin B(12). The recent identification of the disease gene, MMACHC, has permitted preliminary genotype-phenotype correlations. We studied 24 Italian and 17 Portuguese patients with cblC defect to illustrate the spectrum of mutations in a southern(More)
Methylmalonic and propionic aciduria (PA) are the most frequent forms of branched-chain organic acidurias. These autosomal recessive disorders result from deficient activity of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase and propionyl-CoA carboxylase, respectively. Clinically, acute or chronic neurologic signs are caused by the accumulation of toxic compounds proximal to the(More)
OBJECT Cobalamin C/D defect is an inborn error of cobalamin metabolism causing methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria. The early-onset form is characterized by severe neurological impairment. The aim of this study was to evaluate and monitor brain damage in early-onset cbl-C/D defect by conventional MRI and to assess the additional value of 1H-MRS. (More)
We report on a favourable pregnancy in a woman affected by mut− methylmalonic acidaemia. Under vitamin B12 and carnitine therapy she remained symptom-free throughout pregnancy, labour, delivery and the postpartum period and gave birth to a term, healthy female newborn. At follow-up, the child shows normal somatic and neurocognitive development.
3-Methylglutaconic aciduria is the biochemical marker of several inherited metabolic diseases. Four types of 3-methylglutaconic aciduria can be distinguished. In the type I form, accumulation of 3-methylglutaconate is due to deficient activity of 3-methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase, an enzyme of the leucine degradation pathway. In the other forms,(More)
Inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) are a highly heterogeneous group of genetic conditions and represent a relevant cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. IEM, which are individually rare but collectively numerous, are well-recognized entities of the generic class of "rare" diseases. Since the first descriptions by Garrod at the(More)
Δ1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) catalyzes the first two steps of ornithine/proline biosynthesis. P5CS deficiency has been reported in three families, with patients presenting with cutis/joint laxity, cataracts, and neurodevelopmental delay. Only one family exhibited metabolic changes consistent with P5CS deficiency (low(More)
Menkes disease (MD) is a rare and severe X-linked recessive disorder of copper metabolism. The MD gene, ATP7A (ATPase Cu++ transporting alpha polypeptide), encodes an ATP-dependent copper-binding membrane protein. In this report, we describe a girl with typical clinical features of MD, carrying a balanced translocation between the chromosomes X and 16(More)
Cobalamin C (Cbl-C) defect is the most common inborn error of cobalamin metabolism which causes a block in the pathway responsible for the synthesis of its two metabolically active forms methyl- and adenosylcobalamin. Cbl-C defect causes the accumulation of methylmalonic acid and homocysteine and decreased methionine synthesis. The clinical presentation of(More)
Cobalamin C (cblC) defect is the most common inborn error of vitamin B12 metabolism. Clinical features vary as does the severity of the disease. In most cases, the clinical symptoms of cblC defect tend to appear during infancy or early childhood as a multisystem disease with severe neurologic, ocular, hematologic, renal, and gastrointestinal signs. The(More)