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New penguin fossils from the Eocene of Peru force a reevaluation of previous hypotheses regarding the causal role of climate change in penguin evolution. Repeatedly it has been proposed that penguins originated in high southern latitudes and arrived at equatorial regions relatively recently (e.g., 4-8 million years ago), well after the onset of latest(More)
OBJECTIVE A hypothesis that eating disorders are a phenomenological variant of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been proposed. This study was conducted to determine whether anorexia nervosa and bulimia, the two main eating disorders, are familial and whether the risk for obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders (OCD and tic disorders) is higher in(More)
A cladistic analysis of the tinamous, including the 47 currently recognized species and some distinct subspecies, was conducted based on 80 integumentary characters from adult and natal plumage, ramphoteca (corneum sheath of bill), and podoteca (horny scales of legs). For the adult plumage (50 characters), we studied feather pigmentation patterns from(More)
Several reports suggest the role of sleep-wake rhythm in mood disorders. Sleep loss may be a possible trigger or augmenting factor in mania. In a group of 34 manic bipolar inpatients, we analyzed the correlation between night-time sleep duration and the intensity of manic symptomatology rated consecutively for 3 days with the Young Rating Scale for Mania(More)
We previously reported an association between dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) gene exon 1 variants and delusional disorder. The aim of this investigation was to study the DRD4 gene exon 1 and 3 variants in schizophrenia, delusional, bipolar, and unipolar disorders. We studied 651 inpatients affected by schizophrenia (n = 229), delusional (n = 86), bipolar (n =(More)
Infantile hepatic hemangioma can be associated to consumptive hypothyroidism due to overexpression of type 3 deiodinase in the endothelium of vascular tumor, which catalyzes the conversion of T4 to reverse T3 (rT3) and of T3 to T2, both of which are biologically inactive. Here, we report an infant with a massive biopsy-proven infantile hepatic hemangioma(More)
Probands affected with eating disorders (ED) present a higher number of relatives affected with obsessive-compulsive disorders/tic disorders than a comparison population. Therefore, we hypothesized that ED and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) might share the same biological liability, and that a single major gene might account for that liability. We(More)
Many clinical and research findings converge to indicate that frontal lobe, basal ganglia, and related neuronal connections are primarily involved in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; frontal lobe, mainly the prefrontal cortex, has a specialized role in working memory processes. This study focused on neuropsychological evaluation of the spatial(More)
UNLABELLED Worry is a mental process associated with anxiety disorders. The key feature of worry is the predominance of a negative-type and preoccupied thought about possible threatening future events. OBJECTIVE Some studies have shown that worry may be a feature of eating disorders. This study aims to measure whether worry is significantly higher in(More)
OBJECTIVE In this work we aimed to test the hypothesis that perfectionism plays a third variable role in the psychological process leading from perceived criticism to eating disorders (ED). METHOD Forty-nine individuals with ED and 49 controls completed the Concern over Mistakes subscale of the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, the Perceived Criticism(More)