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Effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) administration were examined in a model of acute ischemic renal injury induced by bilateral renal artery occlusion in rats. Compared with rats administered vehicle, rats administered 20 micrograms HGF subcutaneously 30 min postischemia had significantly lower serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels over the(More)
Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) is a model of renal injury characterized by progressive tubulointerstitial fibrosis and renal damage, while relatively sparing the glomerulus and not producing hypertension or abnormalities in lipid metabolism. Tubulointerstitial fibrosis is a major component of several kidney diseases associated with the progression to(More)
Leptin metabolism was investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats by use of 125I-labeled leptin plasma kinetic and arteriovenous balance studies. When conscious rats received bolus venous injections of 125I-leptin, intact (precipitable) leptin quickly disappeared from circulation in a biexponential manner during the 2-h experimental period. After substantial(More)
ATP acts at P2 receptors to contract blood vessels and reactivity to vasoconstrictor agents is often altered in hypertension. This study was designed to identify P2 receptors in mesenteric arteries and veins and to determine whether ATP reactivity is altered in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. Computer-assisted video microscopy was(More)
The effects of administering insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) were examined in a model of ischemic acute tubular necrosis in rats. Injury was induced by 75 min of bilateral renal artery occlusion. Compared to rats administered vehicle, rats administered IGF-I (100 micrograms/day via continuous subcutaneous infusion) had significantly lower serum(More)
There is no pharmacological treatment to increase the glomerular filtration rate in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The administration of 100 microgram/kg of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) I twice a day to patients with ESRD increases inulin clearance. However, its effect is short-lived and IGF-I has major side effects when given this way. To assess(More)
Deterioration of renal function, which can lead to postoperative renal failure, is a complication of surgery involving the suprarenal aorta and surgery involving the renal arteries. Fifty-four patients who were at risk for developing this complication were enrolled in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between plasma leptin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels in healthy subjects and patients with chronic renal insufficiency at baseline, and during administration of recombinant human IGF-I in the renal impaired patients. SUBJECTS 20 healthy subjects (six men, 14 women, age: 42.7 +/- 3.2 y) and nine(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) improves kidney function and histopathology, when given within a short time (0.5 or 5 h) after an ischemic renal insult in rats. To examine the effects of IGF-I at times that would be more applicable if it were to be used as a therapeutic agent for acute renal failure in humans, we administered IGF-I to rats 24 h after(More)