Sara B.C. Buonomo

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A multisubunit complex, called cohesin, containing Smc1p, Smc3p, Scc1p, and Scc3p, is required for sister chromatid cohesion in mitotic cells. We show here that Smc3p and a meiotic version of Scc1p called Rec8p are required for cohesion between sister chromatids, for formation of axial elements, for reciprocal recombination, and for preventing(More)
The orderly reduction in chromosome number that occurs during meiosis depends on two aspects of chromosome behavior specific to the first meiotic division. These are the retention of cohesion between sister centromeres and their attachment to microtubules that extend to the same pole (monopolar attachment). By deleting genes that are upregulated during(More)
The choice between double-strand break (DSB) repair by either homology-directed repair (HDR) or nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) is tightly regulated. Defects in this regulation can induce genome instability and cancer. 53BP1 is critical for the control of DSB repair, promoting NHEJ, and inhibiting the 5' end resection needed for HDR. Using dysfunctional(More)
Localization of ASH1 mRNA to the distal cortex of daughter but not mother cells at the end of anaphase is responsible for the two cells' differential mating-type switching during the subsequent cell cycle. This localization depends on actin filaments and a type V myosin (She1/Myo4). The 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) of ASH1 mRNA is reportedly capable of(More)
We report on the function of the human ortholog of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rif1 (Rap1-interacting factor 1). Yeast Rif1 associates with telomeres and regulates their length. In contrast, human Rif1 did not accumulate at functional telomeres, but localized to dysfunctional telomeres and to telomeric DNA clusters in ALT cells, a pattern of telomere(More)
Rif1, originally recognized for its role at telomeres in budding yeast, has been implicated in a wide variety of cellular processes in mammals, including pluripotency of stem cells, response to double-strand breaks, and breast cancer development. As the molecular function of Rif1 is not known, we examined the consequences of Rif1 deficiency in mouse cells.(More)
Disjunction of maternal and paternal centromeres during meiosis I requires crossing over between homologous chromatids, which creates chiasmata that hold homologs together. It also depends on a mechanism ensuring that maternal and paternal sister kinetochore pairs attach to oppositely oriented microtubules. Proteolytic cleavage of cohesin's Rec8 subunit by(More)
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