Sara Arenas-López

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We aimed to document our experience with oral clonidine when used as a sedative in combination with intravenous morphine and lorazepam in a group of mechanically ventilated children with single-organ, respiratory failure. In particular, our objectives were to establish the relationship between oral dose, plasma concentration, and sedative effect, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the accuracy of morphine infusions prepared for neonates in relation to the label strength and to identify the differences in deviation between infusions made in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and those dispensed ready-to-use from pharmacy. METHODS Unused portions of morphine solution for infusion were collected over a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate safety, following introduction of standard concentrations of morphine infusions in paediatric critical care. METHODS Implementation: A multidisciplinary team was convened, and several workstreams designated, including derivation of concentrations, manufacturing, supply, prescribing, administration using smart pump technology,(More)
We report the appearance of ‘poppy seed’-like structures found in the aspirated stomach contents and faeces of a 3-month-old infant receiving an omeprazole liquid via nasogastric tube, prepared by dispersing an omeprazole tablet (10 mg MUPS®) in water. Electron microscopy and mass spectroscopy indicated that these particles were hollow, dark purple coloured(More)
BACKGROUND Clonidine is a useful analgesic-sedative agent; however, few data exist regarding its use in infants after congenital heart disease surgery. We thus aimed to assess the absorption and safety of enterally administered clonidine in this setting. METHODS Sixteen infants (median age 6.7 months) received a single nasogastric dose of 3 μg kg(-1)(More)
Since the European Paediatric Regulation was introduced in 2007, companies developing new medicinal products or new indications/routes of administration/pharmaceutical forms are obliged to present age-appropriate formulations for the pediatric population within a Paediatric Investigation Plan (PIP) to the European Medicines Agency. Our review highlights a(More)
The use of standard concentrations of intravenous infusions has been advocated by international organisations to increase intravenous medication safety in paediatric and neonatal critical care. However, there is no guidance on how to identify and implement these infusions leading to great interunit variability. OBJECTIVE To identify the most appropriate(More)
BACKGROUND Global pediatric research has recently received increased attention by health professionals, and research and government institutions. Since the approval of the FDA Pediatric Exclusivity Provision and the EU Paediatric Regulation, pharmaceutical companies have begun to look to developing/transitional countries for international pediatric research(More)
OBJECTIVE Oral syringes are the preferred method for delivering paediatric enteral drugs; however, little is known about factors affecting accuracy, particularly at volumes <5 mL. We investigated volumetric accuracy for enteral syringes, using commercially available liquid drug formulations with various physicochemical properties at clinically relevant(More)