Sara Anne Jahnke

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OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in firefighters. METHODS Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and body fat percentage (BF%) were assessed in 478 career and 199 volunteer male firefighters from randomly selected departments. RESULTS High prevalence rates of overweight + obesity (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30(More)
OBJECTIVE Firefighting is a dangerous profession with high injury rates, particularly musculoskeletal (MS), but limited longitudinal data is available to examine predictors of MS injuries in this population. DESIGN AND METHODS The relationship between personal individual, nonoccupational factors (e.g., demographic characteristics, body composition,(More)
BACKGROUND Although the US National Fire Service is concerned about alcohol use among firefighters, little research has been conducted on the topic. AIMS To survey alcohol use patterns among career and volunteer firefighters. METHODS Data were from a population-based cohort study of male firefighters conducted in randomly selected career and volunteer(More)
BACKGROUND Firefighters suffer from high prevalence of obesity, substandard fitness, and cardiovascular-related deaths. There have been a limited number of firefighter health promotion programs that have been developed and empirically-tested for this important occupational group. We evaluated the health of firefighters from departments with well-developed(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of obesity has reached epidemic proportions worldwide, and is also increasing among public safety professionals like firefighters who are expected to be fit and more active. The present study evaluates the associations among Body Mass Index (BMI), weight perception and cardiovascular risk factors in 768 male career firefighters(More)
BACKGROUND Overweight, obesity and weight gain are significant problems in the U.S. fire service. While classification of obesity using body mass index (BMI) has demonstrated accuracy and low rates of false positives when compared with body fat percentage (BF%)-based standards, no studies have examined the accuracy of BMI-based overweight and normal weight(More)
The United States military has the legacy of a pro-tobacco culture and still has prevalence rates of tobacco use that are higher than their civilian counterparts. One tactic for decreasing use and the subsequent health problems is through effective tobacco control policies. We collected available tobacco control policies from all four branches of the(More)
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States and has been shown to significantly harm the combat readiness of military personnel. Unfortunately, recent research showed that cigarettes are sold at substantial discounts in military retail outlets. In fact, the military is the only retailer that consistently loses money on(More)
INTRODUCTION Efficiency and effectiveness are often used as quality indicators in emergency departments. With an aim to improve patient throughput and departmental efficiency while decreasing left-without-being-seen (LWBS) rates, this two-group, pre-intervention, post-intervention study in a pediatric emergency department evaluated the outcomes of(More)
PURPOSE Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for 44% of on-duty deaths among US firefighters with a markedly higher event risk during strenuous duties compared with nonemergencies. Sedentary persons are most susceptible to such CVD "event-triggering" due to irregular bouts of vigorous physical activity (PA). Conversely, regular PA and increased levels of(More)