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UNLABELLED Although there are several reports on pain behavioral tests in rat models of knee osteoarthritis (OA), most of them focus on the paw. The aim of this study was to investigate pain-related behaviors on the affected knee joint, the primary source of nociception, in animals with mono-iodoacetate-induced OA, using the knee-bend (which provides(More)
Pain is the major symptom of osteoarthritis (OA) and the main reason for patients seeking medical care, but its treatment is not optimal. Animal studies are necessary to elucidate mechanisms underlying OA-induced pain and assess analgesics' efficacy. Previously, we showed that the Knee-Bend test and dynamic weight bearing by the CatWalk test are clinically(More)
OBJECTIVE Pain is a prominent feature of osteoarthritis (OA). To further understand the primary mechanisms of nociception in OA, we studied the expression of the phenotype markers calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), isolectin B4 (IB4), and neurofilament 200 (NF200) in sensory neurons innervating the OA knee joint in rats. METHODS OA was induced in(More)
Acetylcholine (ACh) is a major excitatory neurotransmitter in the myenteric plexus, and it regulates its own release acting via muscarinic autoreceptors. Adenosine released from stimulated myenteric neurons modulates ACh release preferentially via facilitatory A(2A) receptors. In this study, we investigated how muscarinic and adenosine receptors interplay(More)
OBJECTIVE Pain exacerbated by movement and loading on the joint is the major symptom of osteoarthritis (OA), but the mechanisms of chronic pain in this pathology are still poorly understood. Using the intra-articular (i.a.) injection of collagenase in the knee of rats as a model of OA, we aimed at evaluating whether injury of sensory neurons may contribute(More)
INTRODUCTION Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common complication of diabetes. Endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction is one of the main mechanisms of diabetic ED. However, loss of EC integrity has never been assessed in human diabetic corpus cavernosum. AIM To identify and quantify apoptotic cells in human diabetic and normal erectile tissue and to compare(More)
INTRODUCTION Animal models currently used in osteoarthritis-associated pain research inadequately reproduce the initiating events and structural pathology of human osteoarthritis. Conversely, intra-articular injection of collagenase is a structurally relevant model, as it induces articular degeneration both by digesting collagen from cartilage and by(More)
Besides the well-characterized inhibitory effect of adenosine in the gastrointestinal tract mediated by A1 receptors, we recently demonstrated that endogenously generated adenosine facilitates [3H]acetylcholine release from myenteric neurons through preferential activation of prejunctional A2A receptors. The co-existence of both receptor subtypes on(More)
BACKGROUND It was recently reported that the mono-iodoacetate (MIA) experimental model of osteoarthritis (OA) courses with changes of neurons innervating the affected joints that are commonly interpreted as a neuronal response to axonal injury. To better characterize these changes, we evaluated the expression of two markers of neuronal damage, ATF-3 and(More)
Background Experimental osteoarthritis entails neuropathic-like changes in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons. Since glial activation has emerged as a key player in nociception, being reported in numerous models of neuropathic pain, we aimed at evaluating if glial cell activation may also occur in the DRG and spinal cord of rats with osteoarthritis induced(More)