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Integrins are cell surface transmembrane receptors that recognize and bind to extracellular matrix proteins and counter receptors. Binding of activated integrins to their ligands induces a vast number of structural and signaling changes within the cell. Large, multimolecular complexes assemble onto the cytoplasmic tails of activated integrins to engage and(More)
Dynamic interactions of cells with their environment regulate multiple aspects of tissue morphogenesis and function. Integrins are the major class of cell surface receptors that recognize and bind extracellular matrix proteins, resulting in the engagement and organization of the cytoskeleton as well as activation of signalling pathways to regulate cell(More)
Caveolae are specialized compartments of the plasma membrane that are involved in signaling, endocytosis, and cholesterol transport. Their formation requires the transport of caveolin-1 to the plasma membrane, but the molecular mechanisms regulating the transport are largely unknown. Here, we identify a critical role for adhesion-mediated signaling through(More)
Membrane-type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) has transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains, which target it to invasive fronts. We analyzed the role of the cytoplasmic tail by expressing wild type MT1-MMP and three mutants with progressively truncated C termini in human Bowes melanoma cells. We examined gelatinase A activation and the localization and(More)
Endostatin, the 20-kDa C-terminal NC1 domain of collagen XVIII, is an endogenous inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis and tumor growth. A major problem in reconciling the many reported in vitro effects of endostatin is the lack of a high-affinity receptor, and a search for the latter continues. In accordance with the above, the molecular mechanisms of action of(More)
Endostatin, the COOH-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII, is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth. To understand the mechanisms behind endostatin action, we analyzed the plasma membrane- extracellular matrix interactions of recombinant human endostatin in cultured microvascular endothelial cells. We observed that endostatin induced rapid(More)
Endostatin, the C-terminal fragment of collagen XVIII, is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. Observations that endostatin inhibits endothelial cell migration and induces disassembly of the actin cytoskeleton provide putative cellular mechanisms for this effect. To understand the mechanisms of endostatin-induced intracellular signaling, we analyzed the(More)
The development of multicellular organisms requires integrin-mediated interactions between cells and their extracellular environment. Integrin binding to extracellular matrix catalyses assembly of multiprotein complexes, which transduce mechanical and chemical signals that regulate many aspects of cell physiology. Integrin-linked kinase (Ilk) is a(More)
The growth and survival of a malignant tumor are dependent on the formation and maintenance of its own microvasculature, a process termed angiogenesis. Inhibition of this phenomenon is an emerging strategy in cancer therapy. The extracellular matrix surrounding the vascular endothelial cells contains cryptic protein domains, which are exposed by changes in(More)
Skeletal muscle expresses high levels of integrin-linked kinase (ILK), predominantly at myotendinous junctions (MTJs) and costameres. ILK binds the cytoplasmic domain of beta1 integrin and mediates phosphorylation of protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt, which in turn plays a central role during skeletal muscle regeneration. We show that mice with a skeletal(More)