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BACKGROUND Transmission of enteric pathogens at venues where the public contacts farm animals is a growing problem, particularly among children. In 2000 and again in 2001, enteric illness outbreaks caused by multiple pathogens occurred at a farm day camp for children in Minnesota. METHODS Camp attendees were interviewed about illness history and potential(More)
BACKGROUND A new multidrug-resistant (MDR) strain of Salmonella serotype Newport, Newport-MDRAmpC, has recently emerged. We sought to identify the medical, behavioral, and dietary risk factors for laboratory-confirmed Salmonella Newport infection, including that with Newport-MDRAmpC. METHODS A 12-month population-based case-control study was conducted(More)
Many studies have evaluated the role of Cryptosporidium spp. in outbreaks of enteric illness, but few studies have evaluated sporadic cryptosporidiosis in the United States. To assess the risk factors for sporadic cryptosporidiosis among immunocompetent persons, a matched case-control study was conducted in seven sites of the Foodborne Diseases Active(More)
We investigated a large outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype Javiana among attendees of the 2002 U.S. Transplant Games, including 1,500 organ transplant recipients. Web-based survey methods identified pre-diced tomatoes as the source of this outbreak, which highlights the utility of such investigative tools to cope with the changing epidemiology of(More)
Eighty gilts were slaughtered following different time intervals from biotechnical puberty induction, using 500 IU or PMS and 250 IU of HCG, and stimulation of ovulation, using 500 IU of HCG, 72 hours after puberty had been induced. The majority of those animals was found to have ovulated between 96 and 120 hours from puberty induction. Only 3.2 per cent of(More)
The PMS and HCG doses by which to induce puberty and successfully use the first induced oestrus were tested in three experimental slaughter series on 197 prepuberal young sows. An injection of 500 International Units of PMS and 250 IU of HCG was found to bear greatest promise. While higher dosages gave higher rates of ovulation and, following insemination,(More)
Different frequencies and periods of insemination were checked with the view to optimising puberty induction to young sows, for which purpose 500 IU PMS/250 IU HCG were injected to 571 animals in seven experiments. Insemination was carried out by deadline, since follicle stimulation was exhibited by almost all animals following the above treatment, while(More)
Four experimental series were applied to 342 prepuberal young sows to establish ovulation developments. Different periods of time were allowed to elapse between injection and slaughter. Injected were 400 IU PMS/200 IU HCG or 500 IU PMS/250 IU HCG. Onsets of ovulation were found to be highly differentiated and variable. Some of the animals had completed(More)
The effects of various doses of human chorionic gonadetropine (HCG) to stimulate ovulation in 86 gilts in which puberty had been induced by administration of 500 IU of pregnant mare serum (PMS) and 250 IU of HCG were established by slaughter. Only 26.9 per cent of the group without HCG had completed ovulation 120 hours from puberty induction, but 93.5 per(More)
A conclusion derived from the slaughter of 69 gilts was that no role was played by the time intervals tested between puberty induction, using 500 IU of PMS and 250 IU HCG, and subsequent action to stimulate ovulation. Very good follicle maturation and follicle formation as well as the usual uterus and ovary weights were observed, no matter whether 500 IU of(More)
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