Sara A Bowling

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Following the onset of sensorineural hearing loss, degeneration of mechanosensitive hair cells and spiral ganglion cells (SGCs) in humans and animals occurs to variable degrees, with a trend for greater neural degeneration with greater duration of deafness. Emergence of the cochlear implant prosthesis has provided much needed aid to many hearing impaired(More)
Although the cochlear implant is already the world's most successful neural prosthesis, opportunities for further improvement abound. Promising areas of current research include work on improving the biological infrastructure in the implanted cochlea to optimize reception of cochlear implant stimulation and on designing the pattern of electrical stimulation(More)
Udhay Krishnan, MD Vikas I. Parekh, MD Phuc Nguyen, MD Sara A. Bowling, BA Sanjay Saint, MD, MPH Zachary D. Goldberger, MD Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 3 VA Health Services Research and Development(More)
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