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In January 2005, a survey of intestinal parasitic infections was performed in a primary school, central Thailand. Of 675 stool samples, Blastocystis was identified with a prevalence of 18.9%. Genetic characterization of Blastocystis showed subtype 1 (77.9%) and subtype 2 (22.1%). Study of the water supply in this school was performed to find the possible(More)
Sensitivities of DNA extraction methods and PCR methods for Giardia duodenalis were evaluated. A combination of the most sensitive methods, i.e., FTA filter paper and a PCR protocol using RH11/RH4 and GiarF/GiarR primers, showed no significant differences compared to immunofluorescence assay in terms of their sensitivities and specificities.
Blastocystis is a prevalent enteric protozoan that infects a variety of vertebrates. Infection with Blastocystis in humans has been associated with abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, fatigue, skin rash, and other symptoms. Researchers using different methods and examining different patient groups have reported asymptomatic infection, acute symptomatic(More)
Blastocystis has a widespread distribution in a variety of animals, which is a potential source of infection for humans. However, the contribution of zoonotic transmission remains unclear due to the absence of molecular proof of these organisms being identical to those found in humans. We report herein the similar subgroup of Blastocystis isolates from(More)
Differentiation of the fish-borne trematodes belonging to the Opisthorchiidae, Heterophyidae and Lecithodendriidae is important from a clinical and epidemiological perspective, yet it is impossible to do using conventional coprological techniques, as the eggs are morphologically similar. Epidemiological investigation therefore currently relies on(More)
An evaluation of the sensitivities of three DNA extraction methods, i.e., FTA filter paper, a QIAamp stool mini kit, and a conventional phenol-chloroform method, by using specimens with known concentrations of Enterocytozoon bieneusi spores was performed. FTA filter paper and the QIAamp stool mini kit were the most sensitive methods, which could detect E.(More)
A single-round PCR assay was developed for detection and differential diagnosis of the three Entamoeba species found in humans, Entamoeba moshkovskii, Entamoeba histolytica, and Entamoeba dispar, that are morphologically identical as both cysts and trophozoites. A conserved forward primer was derived from the middle of the small-subunit rRNA gene, and(More)
We identified genotypes of Enterocytozoon bieneusi from 33 stool samples of Thai human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adult patients. Genotype D was identified at the highest frequency (36.4%), while genotype E was the second most common (15.1%). Genotypes O and PigEBITS 7, previously found only in pigs, were observed in Thai HIV-infected patients.(More)
A cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate the risk factors of Blastocystis hominis infection in the Thai army population of the 11th Infantry Division, Chachoengsao Province, Thailand. 201 army personnel and their family members were enrolled in this study. Intestinal parasitic infections in this population were assessed by stool examination using(More)
We determined that 15.7% of pigs and 1.4% of humans in a pig farm community in central Thailand harbored Enterocytozoon bieneusi. Genotyping of E. bieneusi from pigs showed genotypes O, E, and H. However, only genotype A was found in human subjects. This indicates nonzoonotic transmission of E. bieneusi in this community.