Saori Takahashi

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Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), the rate-limiting enzyme in prostaglandin biosynthesis, plays a key role in inflammation and circulatory homeostasis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily and are involved in the control of COX-2 expression, and vice versa. Here,(More)
The cytotoxicities of 11 lupane series triterpenes against 3 human leukemias, 2 melanomas, 2 neuroblastomas and normal fibroblast cells were examined. Lupane triterpenes with a carbonyl group at C-17 (7-11) showed inhibitory effects on leukemia, melanoma and neuroblastoma cell growth. Lup-28-al-20(29)-en-3-one (8) markedly inhibited the cell growth of 3(More)
Lemongrass is a widely used herb as a food flavoring, as a perfume, and for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory purposes; however, the molecular mechanisms of these effects have not been elucidated. Previously, we identified carvacrol from the essential oil of thyme as a suppressor of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, a key enzyme for prostaglandin synthesis, and(More)
In a study to investigate the relationship between the chemical structure and the differentiation-inducing activity of pentacyclic triterpenes, several lupane, oleanane, and ursane triterpenes were prepared and their effects on B16 2F2 melanoma cell differentiation and growth were examined. Eleven lupane triterpenes used in this study acted on the melanoma(More)
Renin-binding protein (RnBP) is a highly specific renin inhibitor first isolated from porcine kidney. Our recent studies demonstrated that the human RnBP is the enzyme N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) 2-epimerase [Takahashi, S. et al. (1999) J. Biochem. 125, 348-353]. We have developed a new assay method for GlcNAc 2-epimerase activity using a system of(More)
Until relatively recently, it was considered that D-amino acids were excluded from living systems except for the cell wall of microorganisms. However, D-aspartate residues have now been detected in long-lived proteins from various tissues of elderly humans. Formation of D-aspartate in proteins induces aggregation and loss of function, leading to age-related(More)
We examined the signaling mechanisms involved in the differentiation-inducing activity of lupeol toward B16 2F2 melanoma cells. alpha-Melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), forskolin and dibutyryl cAMP, which are believed to be cAMP-elevating agents and analogues, enhanced lupeol-induced B16 2F2 cell differentiation. However, H89, an inhibitor of(More)
We evaluated the effects of rose oil on the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Citronellol and geraniol, the major components of rose oil, activated PPARα and γ, and suppressed LPS-induced COX-2 expression in cell culture assays, although the PPARγ-dependent suppression of COX-2 promoter activity was evident only(More)
Pluripotent stem cells can be classified into two distinct states, naïve and primed, which show different degrees of potency. One difficulty in stem cell research is the inability to distinguish these states in live cells. Studies on female mice have shown that reactivation of inactive X chromosomes occurs in the naïve state, while one of the X chromosomes(More)
Renin-binding protein (RnBP) is an endogenous renin inhibitor originally isolated from porcine kidney as a complex of renin, so-called high molecular weight (HMW) renin. Our recent studies demonstrated that human RnBP is the enzyme N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) 2-epimerase [Takahashi, S. et al. (1999) J. Biochem. 125, 348-353]. We have purified(More)