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In a study to investigate the relationship between the chemical structure and the differentiation-inducing activity of pentacyclic triterpenes, several lupane, oleanane, and ursane triterpenes were prepared and their effects on B16 2F2 melanoma cell differentiation and growth were examined. Eleven lupane triterpenes used in this study acted on the melanoma(More)
Renin-binding protein (RnBP) is a highly specific renin inhibitor first isolated from porcine kidney. Our recent studies demonstrated that the human RnBP is the enzyme N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc) 2-epimerase [Takahashi, S. et al. (1999) J. Biochem. 125, 348-353]. We have developed a new assay method for GlcNAc 2-epimerase activity using a system of(More)
The cytotoxicities of 11 lupane series triterpenes against 3 human leukemias, 2 melanomas, 2 neuroblastomas and normal fibroblast cells were examined. Lupane triterpenes with a carbonyl group at C-17 (7-11) showed inhibitory effects on leukemia, melanoma and neuroblastoma cell growth. Lup-28-al-20(29)-en-3-one (8) markedly inhibited the cell growth of 3(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), the rate-limiting enzyme in prostaglandin biosynthesis, plays a key role in inflammation and circulatory homeostasis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily and are involved in the control of COX-2 expression, and vice versa. Here,(More)
Lemongrass is a widely used herb as a food flavoring, as a perfume, and for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory purposes; however, the molecular mechanisms of these effects have not been elucidated. Previously, we identified carvacrol from the essential oil of thyme as a suppressor of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, a key enzyme for prostaglandin synthesis, and(More)
The existence of human renin-binding protein (RnBP) in the kidney has been shown by the isolation and characterization of a complex of porcine renin-human RnBP [S. Takahashi et al. (1985) J. Biochem. 97, 671-677]. However, the properties of the free form of human RnBP had not been understood, because of the limitation of materials. In the present study, we(More)
Sialic acid is a major determinant of carbohydrate-receptor interactions in many systems pertinent to human health and disease. N-Acetylmannosamine (ManNAc) is the first committed intermediate in the sialic acid biosynthetic pathway; thus, the mechanisms that control intracellular ManNAc levels are important regulators of sialic acid production. UDP-GlcNAc(More)
We evaluated the effects of rose oil on the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Citronellol and geraniol, the major components of rose oil, activated PPARα and γ, and suppressed LPS-induced COX-2 expression in cell culture assays, although the PPARγ-dependent suppression of COX-2 promoter activity was evident only(More)
In mammals, DNA methylation plays important roles in embryogenesis and terminal differentiation via regulation of the transcription-competent chromatin state. The methylation patterns are propagated to the next generation during replication by maintenance DNA methyltransferase, Dnmt1, in co-operation with Uhrf1. In the N-terminal regulatory region, Dnmt1(More)
A novel active transposable element, designated Crawler, has been isolated from an industrial strain (OSI1013) of Aspergillus oryzae as an insertion sequence within the niaD gene encoding nitrate reductase. It is 1290bp in length with imperfect terminal inverted repeats of 28bp and is flanked by 2bp (TA) target site duplications. It contains an open reading(More)