Saori Odagiri

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The histopathological hallmark of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the presence of fibrillar aggregates referred to as Lewy bodies (LBs), in which α-synuclein is a major constituent. Pale bodies, the precursors of LBs, may serve the material for that LBs continue to expand. LBs consist of a heterogeneous mixture of more than 90 molecules, including PD-linked(More)
Ubiquilin-1 (UBQLN1), a member of the ubiquitin-like protein family (UBQLN1-4), is associated with neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and with Lewy bodies (LBs) in Parkinson’s disease (PD) [7]. Mutations in UBQLN2 cause dominant X-linked amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) [4]. UBQLN2-immunoreactive neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions (NCIs)(More)
Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is a multifunctional cytoplasmic protein that plays an especially critical role in the formation of aggresomes, where aggregates of excess protein are deposited. Previous immunohistochemical studies have shown that HDAC6 accumulates in Lewy bodies in Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) as well as in glial(More)
Oxidative stress has been proposed as a potential mechanism for neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer disease (AD), Parkinson disease (PD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In response to oxidative stress, the levels of numerous cytoprotective products are increased via alteration of the Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) and(More)
Marinesco bodies (MBs) are spherical eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions in pigmented neurons in the substantia nigra and locus ceruleus. Previous immunohistochemical studies have shown that MBs are positive for ubiquitin, p62 and SUMO-1, suggesting the involvement of ubiquitination and related proteins in the formation or disaggregation of MBs. However,(More)
In Lewy body disease (LBD) such as dementia with LBs and Parkinson's disease, several lines of evidence show that disrupted proteolysis occurs. p62/SQSTM1 (p62) is highly involved with intracellular proteolysis and is a component of ubiquitin-positive inclusions in various neurodegenerative disorders. However, it is not clear whether p62 deficiency affects(More)
Macroautophagy is a dynamic process whereby cytoplasmic components are initially sequestered within autophagosomes. Recent studies have shown that the autophagosome membrane can selectively recognize ubiquitinated proteins and organelles through interaction with adapter proteins such as p62 and NBR1. Both proteins are structurally similar at the amino acid(More)
Recent studies have shown that eosinophilic intranuclear inclusions (INI) in the brain of patients with intranuclear inclusion body disease (INIBD) are immunopositive for ubiquitin and ubiquitin-related proteins (URP). However, the extent and frequency of URP-immunoreactive inclusions in INIBD are uncertain. We immunohistochemically examined the brain,(More)
Incorporation of ubiquitin and ubiquitin-related proteins including p62 into neuronal intranuclear inclusions (NIIs) has been reported in a variety of neurodegenerative diseases. However, involvement of autophagy-specific proteins (NBR1 and LC3) in NIIs has not been mentioned. We immunohistochemically examined the brain of patients with Machado-Joseph(More)
Microscopic globular bodies (MGBs) are eosinophilic spherical inclusions, 1-10 μm in diameter and are located in dendrites. Although MGBs are distributed widely in the gray matter, they are most frequent and numerous in the cerebral neocortex and hippocampus. They are found in the human subjects with and without neurological diseases, ranging in age from 1(More)