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The effect of recombinant human interleukin 1-beta (IL-1 beta) on long-term potentiation (LTP) in the mossy fiber-CA3 pathway of mouse hippocampal slice preparations was investigated. IL-1 beta significantly inhibited LTP in concentrations as low as 2.9 pM (50 pg/ml). This effect of IL-1 beta was blocked by concurrent application of 100 nM Lys-D-Pro-Thr, a(More)
The effects of systemic administration of kainic acid and pentylenetetrazol on interleukin-1 beta gene expression in the rat brain was studied. After the administration of kainic acid in a convulsive dose (10 mg/kg i.p.), Interleukin-1 beta mRNA was induced intensely in the cerebral cortex, thalamus and hypothalamus, moderately in the hippocampus and weakly(More)
The body temperature of homeothermic animals is regulated by systems that utilize multiple behavioral and autonomic effector responses. In the last few years, new approaches have brought us new information and new ideas about neuronal interconnections in the thermoregulatory network. Studies utilizing chemical stimulation of the preoptic area revealed both(More)
Immobilization stress induced interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) mRNA in the rat hypothalamus. IL-1 beta mRNA was induced at 30 min after the start of immobilization, reached a maximum at 60 min and then was still detected with a decreased level at 120 min. However, 240 min after the start of the immobilization, IL-1 beta mRNA became hardly detectable despite(More)
The effects of 3,4-dihydro-6-[4-(3,4-dimethoxybenzoyl)-1-piperazinyl]-2(1H)-quinolinone (vesnarinone) on the growth of glioma cells were examined in vitro. Vesnarinone at a dose of 100 mug/ml suppressed the growth of four different glioma cell lines, U-251MG, U-373MG, U-87MG and A-172, by approximately 50%, with an elongation of the cytoplasmic process on(More)
The adult rat neurohypophysis reveals drastic morphological plasticity of neuron-glial organization during chronic physiological stimulation. Pituicytes are modified astrocytes in the neurohypophysis, and shape conversion of them largely contributes to the morphological plasticity. The present study aimed to investigate the receptor-mediated mechanism for(More)
The effect of methamphetamine on the expression of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) mRNA in the rat brain was investigated with Northern blot analysis. Methamphetamine (2-15 mg/kg, i.p.) caused a marked induction of IL-1 beta mRNA in the hypothalamus among the 8 brain regions examined, in a dose-dependent manner. The level of IL-1 beta mRNA reached a maximum(More)
Estrogen receptors are widely expressed in the brain, where estrogen modulates central nervous function. In this study, we investigated the effect of estrogen on the emotional stress response in the brain by comparing the CNS patterns of c-Fos expression in response to immobilization stress (IMO) in ovariectomized rats with placebo treatment (OVX + Pla) vs.(More)
The present study aimed to investigate the reactivity of cultured pituicytes from adult neurohypophysis to various bioactive substances using Ca2+ indicator dye Fura-2. A transient increase of intracellular Ca2+ [Ca2+]i was observed when pituicytes were treated with nucleotides (ATP, ADP, UTP, and UDP) and amines (5-HT2 and alpha2-agonist). Treatment with(More)
Ca(2+) binding proteins (CaBPs), calbindin-D(28k) (calbindin) and calretinin, are thought to contribute to the regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) in many neuronal populations and perhaps more importantly, signal functional modulation in neuronal activity. In the present experiments, light microscopic immunohistochemistry revealed that the immunoreactivity(More)