Saori Morino

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Toll-like receptor-2 (TLR2) is a pattern recognition receptor that senses many types of bacterial components and activates signaling pathways that induce inflammatory cytokines. A hyperresponsiveness to pathogens caused by increased expression of TLR2 triggers exaggeration of some inflammatory diseases. Here, we showed that curcumin, a well-known(More)
Low-intensity electrical current (or mild electrical stimulation; MES) influences signal transduction and activates phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Because insulin resistance is characterized by a marked reduction in insulin-stimulated PI3K-mediated activation of Akt, we asked whether MES could increase Akt phosphorylation and ameliorate(More)
Gram-positive bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important human pathogen that colonizes the upper respiratory tract and is also the major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. S. pneumoniae causes invasive diseases such as pneumonia, meningitis, and otitis media. Despite the importance of pneumococcal diseases, little is known about the(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a pathologic process caused by hepatic surgery and transplantation, and still remains a severe clinical problem. It was shown that preconditioning by hyperthermia might protect tissues against I/R injury. But hyperthermia could be laborious and time-consuming. Alternatively, the application of mild(More)
To explore the cellular effects of mild electrical stimulation (MES), we treated A549 cells with low-intensity direct current at 5 V applied for 10 min. MES did not induce cell cytotoxicity or the unfolded protein response (UPR). Interestingly, the expression of ubiquitinated proteins and heat shock protein (Hsp) 72 was increased but not that of other Hsps.(More)
This review discusses the basic concepts, effects and applications of hyperthermia and mild electrical stimulation (MES) using low-intensity direct current. It also proposes a novel combinatorial use of MES and hyperthermia, and briefly outlines the rationale and the effects of MES and hyperthermia combination treatment on certain diseases (diabetes,(More)
[Purpose] This study investigated the relationship between toe grip strength and foot posture in children. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 619 children participated in this study. The foot posture of the participants was measured using a foot printer and toe grip strength was measured using a toe grip dynamometer. Children were classified into 3 groups;(More)
OBJECTIVES Frailty in older adults is a serious problem because of various adverse health outcomes in many countries with aging populations, such as Japan. The purpose of this study was to determine whether frailty and pre-frailty are associated with cognitive decline and sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN This is a cross-sectional(More)
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of mild electrical stimulation (MES) and heat stress (HS) on heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), that protects chondrocytes and enhances cartilage matrix metabolism, in chondrocyte and articular cartilage. Rabbit articular chondrocytes were treated with MES and/or HS. The safeness was assessed by LDH(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to determine the cross-sectional relationship between the cognitive function and cardio-ankle vascular index(CAVI) in Japanese community-dwelling elderly subjects. METHODS A total of 179 Japanese community-dwelling elderly subjects were recruited for this study. The age, height, weight, gender and past medical(More)