Saori Morino-Koga

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Induction of heat shock protein (HSP) 72 improves metabolic profiles in diabetic model mice. However, its effect on pancreatic β-cells is not known. The current study investigated whether HSP72 induction can reduce β-cell stress signaling and apoptosis and preserve β-cell mass. MIN6 cells and db/db mice were sham-treated or treated with heat shock (HS) and(More)
Amyloid fibril formation is associated with protein misfolding disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases. Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is a hereditary disease caused by a point mutation of the human plasma protein, transthyretin (TTR), which binds and transports thyroxine (T(4)). TTR(More)
Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) has gained recognition as a novel molecular target for cancer therapy because TLR3 activation by its synthetic ligand poly I:C directly causes tumor cell death. Recently, we reported that tumor suppressor p53 increases the expression of TLR3 in several tumor cell lines. Another study also showed that interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha)(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in a wide range of pathological conditions including neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, inflammation, and infection. The ability of ER stress to induce an inflammatory response is considered to play a role in the pathogenesis of these diseases. However, its role in regulating the(More)
Activation of Akt by insulin is transmitted via phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI-3K) and enhances glucose uptake. The PI-3K/Akt signaling is diminished in insulin resistance. Thus, approaches that activate PI-3K/Akt signaling leading to improved glucose uptake may ameliorate hyperglycemia. Here we showed that low-intensity electrical current or mild(More)
BACKGROUND Dioxins and other environmental pollutants are toxic and remain in biological tissues for a long time leading to various levels of oxidative stress. Although the toxicity of these agents has been linked to activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), no effective treatment has been developed. OBJECTIVE To explore novel phytochemicals that(More)
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a subtype of B-cell lymphoma caused by human herpes virus 8/Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpes virus (HHV-8/KSHV), which is mostly found in patients with AIDS and has poor prognosis. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB pathway is constitutively activated in HHV-8-infected PEL cells and plays a crucial(More)
Insulin resistance is due to the reduced cellular response to insulin in peripheral tissues. The interaction of insulin with its receptor is the first step in insulin action and thus the identified target of insulin resistance. It has been well established that defects or mutations in the insulin receptor (IR) cause insulin resistance. Therefore, an IR(More)
Alport syndrome is a hereditary glomerulopathy with proteinuria and nephritis caused by defects in genes encoding type IV collagen in the glomerular basement membrane. All male and most female patients develop end-stage renal disease. Effective treatment to stop or decelerate the progression of proteinuria and nephritis is still under investigation. Here we(More)
Exogenous low-intensity electrical stimulation has been used for treatment of various intractable diseases despite the dearth of information on the molecular underpinnings of its effects. Our work and that of others have demonstrated that applied electrical stimulation at physiological strength or mild electrical stimulation (MES) activates the PI3K-Akt(More)