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The axonal-myelin sheath interface of vertebrate myelinated axons possesses special structural complexities, and there may be an intercellular macromolecular traffic transversing the periaxonal cleft that spans the internodal axon. By conventional electron microscopy and serial sectioning, we observed a category of double-walled vesicles at the(More)
The morphogenesis of neuromuscular injections (NMJ) was studied by electron microscopy in fast posterior and slow anterior latissimus dorsi muscles (PLD and ALD) of chick embryos. In 8 day embryos, the NMJ is already established in both types. In PLD at this stage, individual axons completely ensheathed by Schwann cell processes form NMJs with myotubes,(More)
Immunoelectron microscopic localization of cathepsin D in rat nerve cells was investigated using protein A-gold technique. Brain and spinal cord were fixed by perfusion with 4% paraformaldehyde and 1% glutaraldehyde in 0.05 M cacodylate buffer. Vibratome sections of the cerebellum and spinal cord were embedded in Epon 812 or Lowicryl K4M. The postembedding(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity at the synapses of presynaptic boutons on presumed alpha-motoneurons in the chicken ventral horn was studied histochemically at the light- and electron-microscope levels. At the light-microscope level, many dot-like AChE-active sites were observed on the soma and dendrites of presumed alpha-motoneurons. On electron(More)
We used immunohistochemical methods to examine the distribution of the calcium channel alpha2 (CCalpha2) subunit in the chicken spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and determine its relationship with calbindin-D28k (CB) in the DRG neurons. In the spinal cord, CCalpha2 subunit was detected in nerve terminals, which were observed as dot-like(More)
The axonal initial segment is the initiation site of action potentials and is characterized morphologically by a dense undercoating and fascicles of microtubules connected by cross-bridges. In order to analyze subcellular structures in the initial segment, we made serial transverse sections of initial segments of identified chicken motoneurons by retrograde(More)
The localization of calbindin-D28K (CB) was studied immunocytochemically in laminae I and II of the dorsal horn and in spinal ganglia in the chicken, and compared with the distribution of substance P (SP) using double immunolabeling. At the light microscopic level, CB immunoreactivity was observed most intensely in the lamina II using the(More)
, by using monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that block binding between the binding site and the receptor. First, we produced a series of MAbs against Cry1Aa and obtained two MAbs, MAbs 2C2 and 1B10, that were capable of blocking the binding between Cry1Aa and BmAPN1 (blocking MAbs). The epitope of the Fab fragments of MAb 2C2 overlapped the BmAPN1 binding site,(More)
Dense undercoating, microtubular fascicles and scattered polyribosomal clusters have until now been considered to be the three structural features of the initial segment, and were thought not to extend beyond the initial segment into the myelinated parts of the axon. The aim of the present study was to make clear whether there is a sudden change in(More)