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The axonal-myelin sheath interface of vertebrate myelinated axons possesses special structural complexities, and there may be an intercellular macromolecular traffic transversing the periaxonal cleft that spans the internodal axon. By conventional electron microscopy and serial sectioning, we observed a category of double-walled vesicles at the(More)
This paper describes a novel mutant mouse that has been spontaneously derived from the Snell's dwarf (DW/J) mouse. It was named the 'growth-retarded mouse' because of a characteristic growth pause followed by the delayed onset of pubertal growth. The onset of the increase in pituitary GH content that normally occurs concomitant with pubertal growth was also(More)
We used immunohistochemical methods to examine the distribution of the calcium channel alpha2 (CCalpha2) subunit in the chicken spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and determine its relationship with calbindin-D28k (CB) in the DRG neurons. In the spinal cord, CCalpha2 subunit was detected in nerve terminals, which were observed as dot-like(More)
VIP36, an intracellular lectin that recognizes high mannose-type glycans (Hara-Kuge, S., Ohkura, T., Seko, A., and Yamashita, K. (1999) Glycobiology 9, 833-839), was shown to localize not only to the early secretory pathway but also to the plasma membrane of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. In the plasma membrane, VIP36 exhibited an(More)
The axonal initial segment is the initiation site of action potentials and is characterized morphologically by a dense undercoating and fascicles of microtubules connected by cross-bridges. In order to analyze subcellular structures in the initial segment, we made serial transverse sections of initial segments of identified chicken motoneurons by retrograde(More)
The localization of calbindin-D28K (CB) was studied immunocytochemically in laminae I and II of the dorsal horn and in spinal ganglia in the chicken, and compared with the distribution of substance P (SP) using double immunolabeling. At the light microscopic level, CB immunoreactivity was observed most intensely in the lamina II using the(More)
The in vivo responsiveness of thyroid glands to TSH at various ages in novel 'growth-retarded' (grt/grt) mice derived from Snell's dwarf (DW/J) mice and in their normal counterparts were analysed by determining serum T4 concentrations before and after the administration of exogenous TSH. The serum T4 concentration in normal mice increased in response to TSH(More)
VIP36 (36-kD vesicular integral membrane protein), originally purified from Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells, belongs to a family of animal lectins and may act as a cargo receptor. To understand its role in secretory processes, we performed morphological analysis of the rat parotid gland. Immunoelectron microscopy provided evidence that(More)
Acute and chronic peripheral inflammation is known to induce the expression of cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 in spinal cord neurons and increase the synthesis and release of prostaglandins (PG). Although these PG are presumed to cause inflammatory pain or hyperalgesia, the relationship between PG-producing cells in the dorsal horn and substance P (SP)-containing,(More)