Santosh S. Kulkarni

Learn More
In an attempt to discover a cocaine-abuse pharmacotherapeutic, extensive investigation has been directed toward elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying the reinforcing effects of this psychostimulant drug. The results of these studies have been consistent with the inhibition of dopamine uptake, at the dopamine transporter (DAT), which results in a(More)
A new enantiomeric synthesis utilizing classical resolution provided two novel series of optically active inhibitors of cholinesterase: (-)- and (+)-O-carbamoyl phenols of tetrahydrofurobenzofuran and methanobenzodioxepine. An additional two series of (-)- and (+)-O-carbamoyl phenols of pyrroloindole and furoindole were obtained by known procedures, and(More)
Binding of cocaine to the dopamine transporter (DAT) protein blocks synaptic dopamine clearance, triggering the psychoactive effects associated with the drug; the discrete drug-protein interactions, however, remain poorly understood. A longstanding postulate holds that cocaine inhibits DAT-mediated dopamine transport via competition with dopamine for(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) has been implicated in anxiety, depression, pain, mental retardation, and addiction. The potent and selective noncompetitive mGluR5 antagonist 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (MPEP, 1) has been a critically important tool used to further elucidate the role of mGluR5 in these CNS disorders. In an(More)
Reportedly, 2-[(18)F]fluoro-A-85380, 1, a promising radiotracer for imaging the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) by positron emission tomography (PET) in humans, exhibits slow penetration through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) due to its low lipophilicity. A ligand for nAChRs with greater lipophilicity than that of 1 would be potentially more(More)
The site of cocaine binding on the dopamine transporter (DAT) was investigated using the photoactivatable irreversible cocaine analog [125I]3beta-(p-chlorophenyl)tropane-2beta-carboxylic acid, 4'-azido-3'-iodophenylethyl ester ([125I]RTI 82). The incorporation site of this compound was mapped to transmembrane domains (TMs) 4-6 using epitope-specific(More)
The development of structure-activity relationships (SAR) with divergent classes of monoamine transporter ligands and comparison of their effects in animal models of cocaine abuse have provided insight into the complex relationship among structure, binding profiles, and behavioral activity. Many 3alpha-(diphenylmethoxy)tropane (benztropine) analogues are(More)
Reductive cyclization of 5-hydroxy-3-methyl-3-methoxycarbonylmethylenebenzofuran-2(3H)-one (4) gave 5-hydroxy-3a-methyl-2,3,3a,8a-tatrahydrofuro[2,3-b]benzofuran (5) and the rearrangement product 7-hydroxy-4,5-dihydro-2,5-methano-1,3-benzodioxepine (6). Reaction of compounds 5 and 6 with different isocyanates provided two series novel carbamates (7-12)(More)
A series of computations were performed to derive a strategy for the prediction of binding affinities of non-peptidic human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) protease inhibitors. This paper describes the development of a 3D quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) methodology by using receptor information of HIV-1 protease. The docking and(More)