Santosh K. Sanganalmath

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Despite significant therapeutic advances, the prognosis of patients with heart failure (HF) remains poor, and current therapeutic approaches are palliative in the sense that they do not address the underlying problem of the loss of cardiac tissue. Stem cell-based therapies have the potential to fundamentally transform the treatment of HF by achieving what(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) 4 hours after reperfusion ameliorates left ventricular function in rats with acute myocardial infarction (MI). Clinically, however, this approach is not feasible, because expansion of autologous CPCs after acute MI requires several weeks. Therefore, we sought to determine whether CPCs are(More)
Heart failure is the leading cause of death in the elderly, but whether this is the result of a primary aging myopathy dictated by depletion of the cardiac progenitor cell (CPC) pool is unknown. Similarly, whether current lifespan reflects the ineluctable genetic clock or heart failure interferes with the genetically determined fate of the organ and(More)
Adult bone marrow (BM) contains Sca-1+/Lin-/CD45- very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) that express markers of several lineages, including cardiac markers, and differentiate into cardiomyocytes in vitro. We examined whether BM-derived VSELs promote myocardial repair after a reperfused myocardial infarction (MI). Mice underwent a 30-minute coronary(More)
The specific role of TNF-alpha receptors I (TNFR-I, p55) and II (TNFR-II, p75) in myocardial ischemic injury remains unclear. Using genetically engineered mice, we examined the relative effects of TNF-alpha signaling via p55 and p75 in acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury under basal conditions and in late preconditioning (PC). Wild-type (WT)(More)
Pharmacological studies have shown that signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) are necessary for the delayed cardioprotection of ischemic preconditioning (PC). However, pharmacologic STAT inhibitors are not specific; furthermore, the individual role of STAT3 in late PC remains unknown. The objectives of the study were (i) to create an(More)
BACKGROUND Although inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is known to impart powerful protection against myocardial infarction, the mechanism for this salubrious action remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS Adenovirus-mediated iNOS gene transfer in mice resulted 48 to 72 hours later in increased expression not only of iNOS protein but also of heme(More)
Adult bone marrow-derived very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSEL-SCs) exhibit a Sca-1(+)/Lin(-)/CD45(-) phenotype and can differentiate into various cell types, including cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells. We have previously reported that transplantation of a small number (1 × 10(6)) of freshly isolated, non-expanded VSEL-SCs into infarcted mouse(More)
BACKGROUND Relevant preclinical models are necessary for further mechanistic and translational studies of c-kit+ cardiac stem cells (CSCs). The present study was undertaken to determine whether intracoronary CSCs are beneficial in a porcine model of chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Pigs underwent a 90-minute coronary occlusion followed(More)