Santo Scalia

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A review of the methods available for the separation of bile acids is presented, highlighting the most recent developments. The major chromatographic techniques (TLC, GC, HPLC) and combined detection systems for the determination of bile acids are critically evaluated and their advantages and disadvantages discussed. Moreover, future directions in which(More)
Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) was compared with Soxhlet extraction, steam distillation and maceration for the isolation of the active components present in chamomile flowerheads. The obtained fractions were analysed by GC-MS and reversed-phase HPLC. The yield of essential oil achieved by a 30-min extraction with pure CO2 at 90 atm and 40 degrees C(More)
A rapid high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the simultaneous assay of eight of the most common sunscreen agents (octyl-methoxycinnamate, oxybenzone, butyl-methoxydibenzoylmethane, octyl-salicilate, methylbenzylidene camphor, octyl-dimethylamminobenzoate, phenylbenzimidazole sulphonic acid and octocrylene) in sun protection(More)
The study focuses on the application of a cell integrated modified Andersen Cascade Impactor (ACI) as an in vitro lung model for the evaluation of aerosols' behaviour of different formulation devices, containing the same active drug, specifically nebuliser, pressurised metered dose inhaler (pMDI) and dry powder inhaler (DPI). Deposition and transport(More)
The incorporation of butyl-methoxydibenzoylmethane (BMDBM), one of the most efficient and frequently used UV-A blockers, into lipospheres was examined in order to decrease the light-induced sunscreen degradation. Lipospheres, obtained by the melt technique and using tristearin as the lipid material and hydrogenated phosphatidylcholine as the emulsifier,(More)
The effects of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) and sulfobutylether-beta-CD (SBE7-beta-CD) on in vitro human skin penetration and retention of the sunscreen agent butyl-methoxydibenzoylmethane (BM-DBM) were investigated. The interaction between the UV filter and the cyclodextrins was studied in water by phase-solubility analysis. Solid complexes(More)
Solid lipid microparticles (SLMs) loaded with high amounts of the sunscreen agent, butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane (avobenzone) were prepared in order to reduce its photoinstability. The microparticles were produced, using carnauba wax as lipidic material and phosphatidylcholine as the surfactant, by the classical melt dispersion method or the spray(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of nanoparticle-based systems on the light-induced decomposition of the sunscreen agent, trans-2-ethylhexyl-p-methoxycinnamate (trans-EHMC). Ethylcellulose (EC) and poly-D,L-lactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) were used as biocompatible polymers for the preparation of the particulate systems. The "salting out"(More)
The aim of this study was to reduce the photoinstability of butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane (BMDBM), the most widely used UVA filter, by incorporating it in lipid microparticles (LMs) alone or together with the UVB filter octocrylene (OCR), acting also as photostabilizer. Microparticles loaded with BMDBM or with combined BMDBM and OCR were produced by the hot(More)
The aim of this study was to prepare lipid microparticles (LMs) loaded with the polar bronchodilator agent salbutamol, and designed for sustained release pulmonary delivery. The microparticles were produced by melt emulsification followed by a sonication step, using different biocompatible lipid carriers (tristearin, stearic acid and glyceryl behenate) and(More)