Santiago Redondo

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An emerging body of evidence suggests that vascular remodeling in diabetic patients involves a perturbation of the balance between cell proliferation and cell death. Our aim was to study whether arteries and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) isolated from diabetic patients exhibit resistance to apoptosis induced by several stimuli. Internal mammary(More)
Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta1) plays a key role in cardiovascular disease by a process which allows the loss of its protective properties. The first therapeutic attempt to restore its function by selectively designed novel drugs are being made. In addition, it has been recognized that the TGF-beta1 pathway is involved in the vascular(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been implicated in vascular repair and found to be functionally impaired in patients with diabetes. We evaluated the effects of the anti-diabetic drug pioglitazone on human EPC function and the involvement of PPAR-gamma and TGF-beta1. EPCs in culture were characterized at day 7 by the development of colony-forming(More)
Mercury exposure is known to increase cardiovascular risk but the underlying cellular mechanisms remain undetermined. We analyzed whether chronic exposure to HgCl2 affects vascular structure and the functional properties of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) through oxidative stress/cyclooxygenase-2 dependent pathways. Mesenteric resistance arteries and(More)
AIM Few studies specifically focus on elderly splenectomized immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients. Older patients with ITP and excellent health are often excluded from surgery splenectomy. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of splenectomy in elderly and non-elderly ITP patients and to examine the effect of age on therapeutic response. MATERIAL(More)
Although determination of circulating endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) in peripheral blood by flow cytometry is an emerging marker for cardiovascular medicine, a common standardized protocol is still not available, due to the low numbers achieved in peripheral blood. In the present paper we describe a novel technique for EPC quantification as(More)
Alterations in vascular wall remodeling are a typical complication in type 2 diabetes mellitus due to an imbalance between cell proliferation and apoptosis. In this context, we have previously shown that vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from diabetic patients were resistant to induced apoptosis. Thiazolidinediones, such as pioglitazone, seem to exert(More)
Thiazolidinediones, such as pioglitazone, seem to exert direct antiatherosclerotic and antirestenotic effects on type 2 diabetes, in part due to an induction of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis. We aimed to study the role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in rat aortic VSMC. Pioglitazone at 100 micromol/l increased apoptosis without(More)
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β1) is a pleiotropic cytokine with many and complex effects in cell and tissue physiology. This is made possible by a very complex and interwoven signaling system, whose regulation continues to be the focus of a growing line of research. This complex regulation translates to a key role in cardiovascular physiology,(More)
Background—Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) inhibits cell proliferation. This may be mediated by transforming growth factor(TGF). TGFdirectly stops cell proliferation, restrains cells in G0, and inhibits the uptake of platelet-derived growth factor and insulin-like growth factor. These effects are identical to those observed with ASA treatment. Methods and(More)