Santiago Pérez-Lloret

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The Movement Disorder Society (MDS) Task Force on Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) Review of Treatments for Parkinson's Disease (PD) was first published in 2002 and was updated in 2005 to cover clinical trial data up to January 2004 with the focus on motor symptoms of PD. In this revised version the MDS task force decided it was necessary to extend the review(More)
Besides antipsychotics, several drugs can induce parkinsonism. We review spontaneous notifications of drug-induced or -worsened parkinsonism to a French regional pharmacovigilance center between 1993 and 2009. During these 17 years, 20,855 adverse drug reactions have been reported, including 155 (0.7%) cases of drug-induced or -worsened parkinsonism. Most(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pathological gambling (PG) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is a frequent impulse control disorder associated mainly with dopamine replacement therapy. As impairments in decision-making were described independently in PG and PD, the objective of this study was to assess decision-making processes in PD patients with and without PG. (More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Inadequate sleep and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) can impair learning skills. Questionnaires used to evaluate sleepiness in adults are usually inadequate for adolescents. We conducted a study to evaluate the performance of a Spanish version of the Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale (PDSS) and to assess the impact of sleepiness and SDB(More)
IMPORTANCE Freezing of gait (FOG) is a common axial symptom of Parkinson disease (PD). OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of FOG in a large group of PD patients, assess its relationship with quality of life and clinical and pharmacological factors, and explore its changes from the off to on conditions in patients with motor fluctuations. DESIGN,(More)
INTRODUCTION Orthostatic hypotension (OH), a frequent feature of Parkinson's disease (PD) can contribute to falls and is usually related to the disease itself and/or to drugs. OBJECTIVES To explore factors related to OH and to assess the concordance between abnormal blood pressure (BP) fall after standing and the presence of orthostatic symptoms. (More)
INTRODUCTION Pain affects between 40 and 85% of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. It is a frequently disabling and overlooked feature, which can significantly reduce health-related quality of life. Unfortunately, there are no universally recommended treatments for this condition. AREAS COVERED Evidence about the efficacy and safety of available analgesic(More)
Dopamine receptor agonists are indicated for the symptomatic treatment of early, moderate or advanced Parkinson's disease as well as for the reduction of levodopa-related motor complications. Ergolinic dopamine agonists, such as bromocriptine or pergolide, were initially developed and marketed, and then non-ergolinic dopamine agonists, such as pramipexole(More)
INTRODUCTION Constipation is a frequent non-motor feature of Parkinson's disease (PD). It is the most common gastrointestinal symptom of the disease and it can precede motor symptoms by as much as 20 years. Constipation can produce discomfort and affect activities of daily living, productivity and quality of life, thus warranting early diagnosis and(More)
BACKGROUND There is a clear need for brief, sensitive and specific cognitive screening instruments in Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVES To study Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE) validity for cognitive assessment of PD patient's using the Mattis Dementia Rating Scale (MDRS) as reference method. A specific scale for cognitive evaluation in PD,(More)