Santiago Mirazo

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Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is an important public health concern in many developing countries, causing waterborne outbreaks as well as sporadic autochthonous hepatitis. HEV is mainly transmitted by the fecal-oral route in endemic areas through drinking of contaminated water. However, zoonotic transmission from animal reservoirs to humans has also(More)
Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) is a worldwide distributed virus and is considered an important emerging pathogen related to several distinct disease syndromes in pigs. Genomic structure consists of three major open reading frames (ORFs). ORF1 (rep gene) encodes replication-related proteins, ORF2 (cap gene) encodes the capsid protein and ORF3 encodes a(More)
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) has been described as circulating among the Uruguayan population at least since 1998 based on serologic evidence. However, no isolation attempts, molecular detection, or genetic studies have been carried out so far in the country. In the present study, molecular detection of circulating hMPV in children hospitalized with acute(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is an important public health concern in many developing countries causing waterborne outbreaks, as well as sporadic autochthonous hepatitis. It is transmitted primarily by the fecal-oral route. However, zoonotic transmission from animal reservoirs to human has also been suggested. Genotype 3 is the most frequent genotype(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the distribution of HPV-16 variants among Paraguayan women with different grades of cervical lesions. METHODS Sixty-seven HPV-16-positive cervical samples obtained from women attending health centers in Paraguay between March 2007 and April 2009 were examined, including 29 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), 29(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an emergent hepatotropic virus endemic mainly in Asia and other developing areas. However, in the last decade it has been increasingly reported in high-income countries. Human infecting HEV strains are currently classified into four genotypes (1-4). Genotype 3 (HEV-3) is the prevalent virus genotype and the mostly associated with(More)
Viral quasispecies can be regarded as a swarm of genetically related mutants. A common approach employed to describe viral quasispecies is by means of the quasispecies equation (QE). However, a main criticism of QE is its lack of frequency-dependent selection. This can be overcome by an alternative formulation for the evolutionary dynamics: the(More)
The human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a pathogen of the respiratory tract identified first in the Netherlands in 2001 and since then it has been detected worldwide. The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize hMPV in samples collected from children <5 years presenting with acute respiratory disease (ARD) seen at a public hospital in Uberlândia,(More)
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is an economically important emerging pathogen associated with distinct syndromes and diseases in swine, collectively known as porcine circovirus associated diseases (PCVAD). The main purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of PCV2 in piglets affected with exudative epidermitis (EE) in Uruguay. In addition we(More)
In developing countries, hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is a public-health concern because it causes epidemics and waterborne outbreaks. In South America, few HEV strains have been characterized at the molecular level. We report the detection and molecular analysis of the first set of sporadic cases of autochthonous human genotype 3 HEV infection in(More)