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The introduction of Phase-Change Memory (PCM) as a main memory technology has great potential to achieve a large energy reduction. PCM has desirable energy and scalability properties, but its use for main memory also poses challenges such as limited write endurance with at most 10<sup>7</sup> writes per bit cell before failure. This paper describes(More)
There is no universal agreement on the definition of anaphylaxis or the criteria for diagnosis. In July 2005, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease and Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network convened a second meeting on anaphylaxis, which included representatives from 16 different organizations or government bodies, including(More)
To examine the natural history of adverse reactions to foods, 480 children were followed prospectively from birth to their third birthdays. Foods thought to be causing symptoms were evaluated by elimination of suspected foods, open challenges, and double-blind food challenges. Foods producing symptoms were reintroduced into the diet at 1- to 3-month(More)
Fatal anaphylactic reactions to foods are continuing to occur, and better characterization might lead to better prevention. The objective of this report is to document the ongoing deaths and characterize these fatalities. We analyzed 32 fatal cases reported to a national registry, which was established by the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and(More)
This parameter was developed by the Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters, representing the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI); the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI); and the Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (JCAAI). The AAAAI and the ACAAI have jointly accepted responsibility for establishing(More)
BACKGROUND Relatively little is known about the characteristics of patients who visit the emergency department (ED) for an acute allergic reaction. Although anaphylaxis guidelines suggest treatment with epinephrine, teaching about self-injectable epinephrine, and referral to an allergist, current ED management remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE The objective of(More)
Between 1973 and 1985, 114 children, aged 2 to 14 years, underwent double-blind, placebo-controlled, food challenge (DBPCFC) to peanut. Thirty-two of 46 children with symptoms produced by DBPCFC to peanut were included in this longitudinal evaluation. Contact was made with the 32 subjects 2 to 14 years after their positive DBPCFC to peanut. All 32 subjects(More)
This article discusses the current understanding of the mechanisms of food hypersensitivity and presents a practical approach to the condition. Skin testing is a useful technique if properly applied and interpreted; however, double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge is the standard for accurate diagnosis against which all other tests should be(More)
  • S A Bock
  • 2000
During the past 25 years the diagnostic assessment of IgE-associated food hypersensitivity has improved substantially. The double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge has become the "gold-standard" against which all other diagnostic approaches can be measured. Having a standard which gives a correct answer almost all of the time, has enabled us to move(More)