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Green light added to blue light has been proposed to shift cryptochromes from their semireduced active form to the reduced, inactive state. Whether the increased proportion of green light observed under leaf canopies compared to open places reduces cryptochrome-mediated effects remained to be elucidated. Here we report that the length of the hypocotyl of(More)
Deletion or substitution of the serine-rich N-terminal stretch of grass phytochrome A (phyA) has repeatedly been shown to yield a hyperactive photoreceptor when expressed under the control of a constitutive promoter in transgenic tobacco or Arabidopsis seedlings retaining their native phyA. These observations have lead to the proposal that the serine-rich(More)
Although multiple photoreceptors converge to control common aspects of seedling de-etiolation, we are relatively ignorant of the genes acting at or downstream of their signalling convergence. To address this issue we screened for mutants under a mixture of blue plus far-red light and identified roc1-1D. The roc1-1D mutant, showing elevated expression of the(More)
A Box-Wilson central composite design was applied to optimize copper, veratryl alcohol and l-asparagine concentrations for Trametes trogii (BAFC 212) ligninolytic enzyme production in submerged fermentation. Decolorization of different dyes (xylidine, malachite green, and anthraquinone blue) by the ligninolytic fluids from the cultures was compared. The(More)
The current consensus is that plant responses to canopy shade involve the perception of low red to far-red ratios (R:FRs) by phytochrome B (phyB), which leads to the direct activation of auxin synthesis genes by PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTORs (PIFs). In addition to its effect on R:FRs, shade also reduces irradiance, but whether shade-induced drops in(More)
The responses to low red light/far-red light (R/FR) ratios simulating dense stands were evaluated in wheat (Triticum aestivum L) cultivars released at different times in the 20th century and consequently resulting from an increasingly prolonged breeding and selection history. While tillering responses to the R/FR ratio were unaffected by the cultivars, low(More)
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