Santhanam Ramasamy

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Vulnerable areas of atherosclerotic plaques often contain lipid-laden macrophages and display matrix metalloproteinase activity. We hypothesized that reactive oxygen species released by macrophage-derived foam cells could trigger activation of latent proforms of metalloproteinases in the vascular interstitium. We showed that in vivo generated macrophage(More)
Diverse stimuli, including shear stress, cyclic strain, oxidized LDL, hyperglycemia, and cell growth, modulate endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression. Although seemingly unrelated, these may all alter cellular redox state, suggesting that reactive oxygen intermediates might modulate eNOS expression. The present study was designed to test this(More)
A major determinant of the level of cellular superoxide anion (O2-.) is the dismutation of O2-. to hydrogen peroxide by the enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD). Three forms of SOD exist, but in endothelial cells, the major form outside of the mitochondria is the cytosolic copper/zinc-containing superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD). Since fluid shear stress is an(More)
OBJECTIVE Both disruption of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene and pharmacological inhibition of the NOS produce modest hypertension. It is unclear if and to what extent NOS isoforms other than eNOS contribute to this effect and how loss of one copy of the eNOS gene might impact on vascular reactivity or eNOS protein expression. METHODS We(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), single-stranded non-coding RNAs, influence myriad biological processes that can contribute to cancer. Although tumor-suppressive and oncogenic functions have been characterized for some miRNAs, the majority of microRNAs have not been investigated for their ability to promote and modulate tumorigenesis. Here, we established that the(More)
The expression of the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) is dramatically influenced by the state of cell growth. In proliferating cells, mRNA levels are increased 4-fold compared with postconfluent, nonproliferating cells. Nuclear run-on analysis indicated that there is no difference in the transcriptional rate of eNOS in proliferating versus postconfluent(More)
Hypercholesterolemia is associated with impairments in endothelium-dependent vascular relaxations. Paradoxically, endothelial production of nitrogen oxides is increased in early stages of hypercholesterolemia. Prior work has shown that oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL) has both stimulatory and inhibitory effects on endothelial nitric oxide synthase(More)
Retrospective epidemiological studies have suggested that antioxidant therapy may decrease cardiovascular morbidity and mortality rates, although the mechanisms for this effect remain unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that selective antioxidants can enhance expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). We found that the antioxidants(More)
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