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Brucellosis is a costly disease of water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Latent infections and prolonged incubation of the pathogen limit the efficacy of programs based on the eradication of infected animals. We exploited genetic selection for disease resistance as an approach to the control of water buffalo brucellosis. We tested 231 water buffalo cows for(More)
We tested 413 water buffalo cows (142 cases and 271 controls) for the presence of anti-Brucella abortus antibodies (by the skin test, the agglutination test, and the complement fixation test) and the Nramp1 genotype (by capillary electrophoresis). Four alleles (Nramp1A, -B, -C, and -D) were detected in the 3' untranslated region of the Nramp1 gene. The BB(More)
Papillomaviruses (PVs) are believed to be highly epitheliotropic as they usually establish productive infections within stratified epithelia. In vitro, various PVs appear to complete their entire life-cycle in different trophoblastic cell lines. In this study, infection by and protein expression of bovine papillomavirus type 2 (BPV-2) in the uterine and(More)
Four hundred bovine urothelial tumours and tumour-like lesions were classified in accordance with the 2004 World Health Organization (WHO) morphological classification for human urothelial tumours. The spectrum of neoplastic lesions of the urinary bladder of cattle is becoming wider and bovine urothelial tumours share striking morphological features with(More)
Samples of neoplastic and normal urothelium were obtained from cows originating from areas of southern Italy, a region in which chronic enzootic haematuria is endemic and bracken fern infestation is widespread. Specimens were analysed for bovine papillomavirus type 2 (BPV-2) DNA, BPV-2 E5 expression and telomerase activity. A total of 46 of 60 tumours and(More)
The 3′ untranslated region of the water buffalo Nramp1 (natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1) gene contains two alleles (Nramp1A and Nramp1B), as detected by the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) technique. The Nramp1BB genotype is associated with resistance of water buffalo to the intracellular pathogen Brucella abortus. This(More)
Oesophageal papillomas are known to occur in cattle infected with bovine papillomavirus type 4 (BPV-4), and BPV-4 papillomas may undergo malignant progression in cattle that feed on bracken fern. In the south of Italy, where bracken fern is common, examination of 1133 slaughterhouse cattle aged 4-12 years revealed oesophageal lesions (single or multiple(More)
Integrins are heterodimeric receptors that mediate important cell functions, including cell adhesion, migration and tissue organisation. These transmembrane receptors regulate the direct association of cells with each other and with extracellular matrix proteins. However, by binding their ligands, integrins provide a transmembrane link for the bidirectional(More)
The up-regulation of ferritin heavy chain (FHC) is reported in six papillary and in four invasive urothelial tumours of the urinary bladder of cattle grazing on mountain pastures rich in bracken fern. All tumours contained sequence of bovine papillomavirus type-2 (BPV-2) as determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analyses and validated by direct(More)
In cattle, bracken fern toxicity is characterized by the presence of haematuria and tumours of the urinary bladder of both epithelial and mesenchymal origin. This syndrome is known as chronic enzootic hematuria (CEH) and is also present in Romania. From January 2006 to April 2007, 90 urinary bladders from slaughtered cows originating from hill-mountain area(More)