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This study evaluates the binding the melanocyte stimulating hormone peptide analogue [125I]NDP-MSH to melanocortin receptors MC1, MC3, MC4 and MC5 in insect cell membranes produced by baculovirus expression systems. The presence of Ca2+ was found to be mandatory to achieve specific [125I]NDP-MSH binding to the melanocortin receptors. Although association(More)
The melanocortin 4 receptor (MC(4)R) binding of the peptide analogue of melanocyte stimulating hormone, [(125)I]NDP-MSH, and the low molecular weight radionucleid 1-(D-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxy-D-4-(125)iodophenylalanyl)-4-cyclohexyl-4-[(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)methyl]piperidine trifluoroacetate ([(125)I]THIQ) were compared. Kinetic analysis(More)
The melanocortin receptors exist in five subtypes, MC(1-5)R. These receptors participate in important regulations of the immune system, central behavior, and endocrine and exocrine glands. Here we provide a short review on MCR subtype selective peptides and organic compounds with activity on the MCRs, developed in our laboratory. Also provided is an(More)
Fluorescence anisotropy assay was implemented for characterization of ligand binding dynamics to melanocortin 4 (MC(4)) receptors. This approach enables on-line monitoring of reactions that is essential for estimation of more correct binding parameters, understanding of ligand binding and its regulation mechanisms, and design of new drugs with desirable(More)
Proteochemometrics was applied in the analysis of the binding of organic compounds to wild-type and chimeric melanocortin receptors. Thirteen chimeric melanocortin receptors were designed based on statistical molecular design; each chimera contained parts from three of the MC(1,3-5) receptors. The binding affinities of 18 compounds were determined for these(More)
The interactions of alpha-MSH peptides with melanocortin receptors (MCRs) were located by proteochemometric modeling. Nine alpha-MSH peptide analogues were constructed by exchanging the Trp9 residue in the alpha-MSH core with the natural or artificial amino acids Arg, Asp, Cys, Gly, Leu, Nal, d-Nal, Pro, or d-Trp. The nine peptides created, and alpha-MSH(More)
A series of piperazine analogues of the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) specific small-molecule agonist "THIQ" was synthesized and characterized structurally and pharmacologically. First, several THIQ imitations lacking the triazole moiety were prepared. Syntheses included acylation of 4-phenylpiperazine or 4-cyclohexylpiperazine. In two cases the tertiary(More)
Despite the availability of numerous conceptually different approaches for the characterization of ligand-receptor interactions, there remains a great requirement for complementary methods that are suitable for kinetic studies, especially for the characterization of membrane protein systems and G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in particular. One of the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, 22–25 nucleotide long transcripts that may suppress entire signaling pathways by interacting with the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of coding mRNA targets, interrupting translation and inducing degradation of these targets. The long 3'-UTRs of brain transcripts compared to other tissues predict important roles for brain(More)
Ligand binding dynamics and the concept of drug-target residence time are essential factors in the development of novel drugs. Conventional ligand binding assays, which usually collect end-point data, do not provide abundant information regarding the ligand binding kinetics. Therefore, novel methods that allow on-line monitoring of ligand binding processes(More)