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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in industrial counties. Recent findings indicate that the autoimmunity is involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. However, there is no autoantibody biomarker applied in a clinical setting for diagnosis and prognosis of AMD. In order to reveal retinal antigens targeted(More)
Chemokines, representing a large superfamily of 8- to 15-kd proteins, were originally discovered through their ability to recruit various cell types into sites of inflammation. It is now clear that these molecules play a much wider role in immune homeostasis, playing key roles in driving the maturation, homing, and activation of leukocytes. In this review(More)
Allergic conjunctivitis is in actuality a group of diseases affecting the ocular surface and is usually associated with type 1 hypersensitivity reactions. Two acute disorders, seasonal allergic conjunctivitis and perennial allergic conjunctivitis, exist, as do 3 chronic diseases, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis, and giant papillary(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in industrial counties. Its pathogenesis is at least partially mediated by immunological factors, including a possible autoimmune response. To date, only a few antibodies have been identified in sera from patients with AMD. In order to reveal an autoantibody profile for(More)
Chemokine receptors (CCRs) are important co-stimulatory molecules found on many blood cells and associated with various diseases. The expression and function of CCRs on mast cells has been quite controversial. In this study, we report for the first time that murine bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) express messenger RNA and protein for CCR1. BMMC(More)
BCL-6 is a POZ domain zinc-finger transcription factor that appears to play important roles in the development of the immune system and its regulation. Mutations within BCL-6 gene can therefore contribute to the genesis of a variety of lymphomas, and can also manifest as a classic Th2-type hyperimmune response. In addition to its roles in B- and T-cell(More)
Activation of individual CD4+ T cells results in differential lymphokine expression: interleukin 2 (IL-2) is preferentially produced by T helper type 1 (TH1) cells, which are involved in cell-mediated immune responses, whereas IL-4 is synthesized by TH2 cells, which are essential for humoral immunity. The Ca(2+)-dependent factor NF-ATp plays a key role in(More)
The chemokine RANTES is a potent chemoattractant for eosinophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes, and has been detected recently in the epithelium of human airways mucosa. We have studied, therefore, the expression of RANTES mRNA and protein in the human bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B. Using Northern blot analysis, RANTES mRNA was not detectable in(More)
Chromosomal translocations in human lipomas frequently create fusion transcripts encoding high mobility group (HMG) I-C DNA-binding domains and C-terminal sequences from different presumed transcription factors, suggesting a potential role for HMG I-C in the development of lipomas. To evaluate the role of the HMG I-C component, the three DNA-binding domains(More)
There is currently no real treatment for blinding disorders that stem from the degeneration of cells in the retina and affect at least 50 million individuals worldwide. The excitement that accompanied the first studies showing the potential of retinal cell transplantation to alleviate the progress of blindness in such diseases as retinitis pigmentosa and(More)