Santa J Johnston

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BACKGROUND A dedicated clinic for older women with early primary breast cancer, established in 1973, has recently evolved into a combined surgical/oncology facility. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcome across these periods. METHODS From 1973 to 2010, 1758 women were managed. Analysis was carried out based on retrospective review and continued(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of eniluracil on colorectal tumor dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients who were to undergo primary colorectal tumor resection received oral eniluracil 10 mg/m(2) twice daily for 3 days before surgery. Mononuclear cells were obtained before the start of eniluracil and on the morning(More)
Introduction:A Cochrane review of seven randomised trials (N=1571) comparing surgery and primary endocrine therapy (PET) (oestrogen receptor (ER) unselected) shows no difference in overall survival (OS). We report outcome of a large series with ER-positive (ER+) early invasive primary breast cancer.Methods:Between 1973 and 2009, 1065 older (⩾70 years) women(More)
612 Background: A recent Cochrane review of seven randomised trials involving 1,446 elderly women (unselected for oestrogen receptor (ER) status) has shown no significant difference in overall survival between surgery (with or without adjuvant tamoxifen) and primary endocrine therapy using tamoxifen. We now report results of a large series from a single(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term analysis of a randomised trial in Nottingham comparing tamoxifen versus surgery as initial treatment demonstrated that in oestrogen receptor (ER)-unselected cases, surgery achieved better local control, with no difference in overall survival. It was suggested that for patients with ER-rich tumours, local control and survival may be(More)
Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the degradation of pyrimidine bases and pyrimidine-based antimetabolites. Reduced DPD activity is associated with toxicity to 5-fluorouracil (5FU) therapy in cancer patients and with neurological abnormalities in paediatric patients. Although variant DPYD alleles have been identified in(More)
The uracil analog 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is used as part of combination therapy for the treatment of breast, head/neck, and gastrointestinal malignancies, and has single-agent activity in colorectal cancer. 5-FU itself is inactive and requires intracellular conversion to form cytotoxic nucleotides (1). Several cellular targets for fluoropyrimidines have been(More)
Fulvestrant is a novel endocrine therapy for breast cancer, with a unique structure and mode of action. It binds competitively to the oestrogen receptor (ER), with high affinity, and downregulates ER by functional blockade and increased turnover. Fulvestrant has reached the clinic via extensive pre-clinical and clinical trials, which demonstrated(More)