Santa Carbonara

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Cardiovascular disease related to atherosclerosis represents nowadays the largest cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Due to inflammatory nature of atherosclerosis, several studies had been conducted in order to search for substances with anti-inflammatory activity on arterial walls, able to exert beneficial roles on health. Researches(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies support the fact that extracorporeal shockwave (SW) induces angiogenesis and improves symptoms in patients affected by limb ischemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of SW therapy in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS Twenty-two patients were enrolled in this study and were randomly(More)
The influence of thyroid hormones on cardiovascular system is well established. Thyroid diseases can effectively enhance the alteration on cardiovascular system by influencing chronotropic and inotropic actions of the heart; altering the strength and the speed of contraction, the speed of relaxation, the duration of the potential of action, and the duration(More)
Hyperpolarization and Cyclic Nucleotide (HCN) -gated channels represent the molecular correlates of the "funny" pacemaker current (I(f)), a current activated by hyperpolarization and considered able to influence the sinus node function in generating cardiac impulses. HCN channels are a family of six transmembrane domain, single pore-loop, hyperpolarization(More)
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide: among them, coronary artery disease and arrhythmias represent the most frequent pathological conditions. Similarly, the gastrointestinal disorders, that is, gastroesophageal reflux and inflammatory bowel diseases, have a high incidence in the general population. Several pieces of evidence(More)
Statin treatment represents the gold standard in the reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and cardiovascular risk. Although statin therapy is generally well tolerated, some patients fail to achieve the target level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or discontinue the treatment for the occurrence of adverse events. In recent years new(More)
Elevated heart rate could negatively influence cardiovascular risk in the general population. It can induce and promote the atherosclerotic process by means of several mechanisms involving endothelial shear stress and biochemical activities. Furthermore, elevated heart rate can directly increase heart ischemic conditions because of its skill in unbalancing(More)
Peripartum heart disease is a rare group of disorders developing during the last trimester of pregnancy through the first 6 months of postpartum. The etiology and pathogenesis of Peripartum Cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is unknown but viral and autoimmune causes may contribute. Myocardial involvement includes myocarditis, coronary artery dissection and peripartum(More)
The aim of this study was to assess whether carotid plaque morphology is an independent predictive factor of stroke and, innovatively, of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We analyzed morphological aspects of carotid atherosclerotic plaque associated with an increased risk of ACS and stroke. We examined 72 carotid endarterectomy (CEA) specimens obtained(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate endothelial dysfunction and morphological vascular changes in childhood obesity. METHODS 93 overweight/obese children (body mass index 26 ± 5 kg/m(2); median 26 kg/m(2); interquartile range 22-28 kg/m(2)), mean age 10.9 ± 2.7 years, underwent a check-up of total, high-density lipoprotein- and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol,(More)