Sanni Söderlund

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OBJECTIVE Obesity increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and premature death. However, not all obese subjects develop the metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanisms that induce dyslipidemia in obese subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS Stable isotope tracers were used to elucidate the(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients with obesity and diabetes mellitus have increased risk of cardiovascular disease. A major cause is an atherogenic dyslipidemia related primarily to elevated plasma concentrations of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. The aim of this study was to clarify determinants of plasma triglyceride concentration. We focused on factors that predict(More)
OBJECTIVE To better understand the postprandial clearance of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) and its relation to the fasting kinetics of TRLs. METHODS Two studies were performed on 30 male subjects: a fasting kinetic study to determine the fasting secretion and clearance rates of apolipoprotein B (apoB) 100 and triglycerides in the very low-density(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the resistance of HDL particles to direct oxidation in respect to the distribution of HDL particles. DESIGN AND METHODS We studied HDL composition, subclass distribution, and the kinetics of CuSO4-induced oxidation of total HDL and HDL3 in vitro in 36 low-HDL-C subjects and in 41 control subjects with normal HDL-C. RESULTS The(More)
The main antiatherogenic function of HDL is to promote the efflux of cholesterol from peripheral cells and transport it to the liver for excretion in a process termed reverse cholesterol transport. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cholesterol efflux capacity in low- and high-HDL subjects by utilizing monocytes and serum from 18 low-HDL and 15(More)
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) pandemic predisposes patients to low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). To successfully treat low HDL-C, there is an urgent need for a better understanding of the changes in HDL particles in the low-HDL-C state. Especially, apolipoprotein (apo) E metabolism in HDL particles is an emerging and important issue.(More)
OBJECTIVE Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is associated with cardiometabolic pathologies. In this study, we investigate the biological pathways and individual genes behind low HDL-C by integrating results from 3 high-throughput data sources: adipose tissue transcriptomics, HDL lipidomics, and dense marker genotypes from Finnish individuals(More)
A low level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is a powerful risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, despite the reported key role of apolipo-proteins, specifically, apoA-I, in HDL metabolism, lipid molecular composition of HDL particles in subjects with high and low HDL-C levels is currently unknown. Here lipidomics was used to study(More)
CONTEXT Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging epidemic disease characterized by increased hepatic fat, due to an imbalance between synthesis and removal of hepatic lipids. In particular, increased hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNL) is a key feature associated with NAFLD. The genetic variations I148M in PNPLA3 and E167K in TM6SF2 confer(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the use of (1)H-MRS with various echo times to characterize subcutaneous human adipose tissue (SAT) triglyceride composition and to validate the findings with fatty acid (FA) analysis of SAT biopsies by gas chromatography (GC). (1)H-MRS spectra were acquired with a 1.5 Tesla clinical imager from the SAT of 17 healthy(More)