Sanne P. Roels

Learn More
BACKGROUND Carp (2012) demonstrated the large variability that is present in the method sections of fMRI studies. This methodological variability between studies limits reproducible research. NEW METHOD Evaluation protocols for methods used in fMRI should include data-analytical stability measures quantifying the variability in results following choices(More)
Children with nocturnal enuresis (NE) have been found to have sleep fragmentation and a high incidence of periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS). This study explored the association of monosymptomatic NE and polyuria in relation to fluid intake, bladder volume, number of wet nights, and number of nights with polyuria to the frequency of PLMS and cortical(More)
Background Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in childhood is poorly explained by routine markers (e.g. urea and creatinine) and is better depicted in adults by other uraemic toxins. This study describes concentrations of representative uraemic toxins in non-dialysis CKD versus healthy children. Methods In 50 healthy children and 57 children with CKD Stages 1-5(More)
There is a high comorbidity between nocturnal enuresis, sleep disorders and psychological problems. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a decrease in nocturnal diuresis volume not only improves enuresis but also ameliorates disrupted sleep and (neuro)psychological dysfunction, the major comorbidities of this disorder. In this open-label,(More)
The validity of inference based on the General Linear Model (GLM) for the analysis of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) time series has recently been questioned. Bootstrap procedures that partially avoid modeling assumptions may offer a welcome solution. We empirically compare two voxelwise GLM-based bootstrap approaches: a semi-parametric(More)
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a widespread technique in cognitive psychology that allows visualizing brain activation. The data analysis encompasses an enormous number of simultaneous statistical tests. Procedures that either control the familywise error rate or the false discovery rate have been applied to these data. These methods are mostly(More)
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND There is a high comorbidity demonstrated in the literature between nocturnal enuresis and several neuropsychological dysfunctions, with special emphasis on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the majority of the psychological studies did not include full non-invasive screening and failed to differentiate between(More)
We investigate the impact of decisions in the second-level (i.e., over subjects) inferential process in functional magnetic resonance imaging on (1) the balance between false positives and false negatives and on (2) the data-analytical stability, both proxies for the reproducibility of results. Second-level analysis based on a mass univariate approach(More)
Belgian red-brown acidic ales are sour and alcoholic fermented beers, which are produced by mixed-culture fermentation and blending. The brews are aged in oak barrels for about two years, after which mature beer is blended with young, non-aged beer to obtain the end-products. The present study evaluated the microbial community diversity of Belgian red-brown(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in childhood is characterised by the accumulation of uraemic toxins resulting in a multisystem disorder that has a negative impact on quality of life. Childhood CKD is predominantly defined by a decrease in glomerular filtration rate, estimated (eGFR) by a single serum measurement of endogenous biomarkers, e.g. creatinine. The(More)