Sanne H. Tonino

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In recent years considerable progress has been made in treatment strategies for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). However, the disease remains incurable because of the development of chemoresistance. Strategies to overcome resistance mechanisms are therefore highly needed. At least two mechanisms contribute to the development of resistance to drugs;(More)
In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), CD8(+) T cells exhibit features of exhaustion and impaired functionality. Yet, reactivations of latent viruses such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) are uncommon in untreated CLL, suggesting that antiviral responses are uncompromised. We analyzed phenotypical and functional characteristics of CMV-specific CD8(+) T cells in CLL(More)
Although CD38, a marker of poor prognosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), is known primarily as an ecto-enzyme, it has also been ascribed a receptor function. Interaction with its proposed ligand CD31 expressed on nurse-like cells would result in proliferative and survival-signals. Yet, in CLL, both homotypic and heterotypic CD31-CD38 interactions(More)
An increasing number of diagnostic imaging procedures requires the use of intravenous radiographic contrast agents, which has led to a parallel increase in the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy. Risk factors for development of contrast-induced nephropathy include pre-existing renal dysfunction (especially diabetic nephropathy and multiple(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells circulating in peripheral blood (PB) differ from the leukemic fraction in lymph nodes (LNs) with respect to cell division and drug sensitivity. CD40 stimulation of PB CLL cells in vitro results in chemoresistance and provides a partial model for the LN microenvironment. The TLR9 ligand CpG induces proliferation in(More)
Two clusters of invasive meningococcal disease in the north of Italy both due to serogroup C/ST-11 clonal complex are here described. The objective of the investigation was to analyse the phenotype and the genotype of meningococci involved in the two clusters which were of national relevance due to the fatal outcome of the majority of cases (six of the(More)
Immunotherapy has emerged as a viable clinical strategy to harness endogenous antitumor T-cell immunity. Lenalidomide is an oral immunomodulatory drug that repairs antitumor T-cell function and is showing efficacy in ongoing chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and lymphoma clinical trials. This article focuses on advances in our understanding of its(More)
Resistance to chemotherapy-induced apoptosis in CLL is associated with overexpression of antiapoptotic proteins induced by signals from the microenvironment. In vitro, dasatinib effectively inhibits expression of anti-apoptotic regulators and restores fludarabine sensitivity in activated CLL. The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy of one cycle of(More)
In patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), numbers of CD8 + CD45RA +/- CD27- effector T cells are expanded. We investigated whether this expansion is also present in other B cell malignancies and the possible mechanism underlying these changes. Whereas an increase in total CD4+and CD8+ T cell numbers was found only in CLL, numbers of CD4+ and CD8+(More)
In patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), effector and memory CD4 + and CD8 + T cells are expanded. We investigated whether these CLL specific T-cell expansions also occur in monoclonal B lymphocytosis (MBL), the pre-leukemic state of CLL, which is currently distinguished from CLL by an arbitrarily chosen cut-off value of CD19 of 5.0 × 10(9)/L.(More)