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OBJECTIVES To investigate whether statins reduce all cause mortality and major coronary and cerebrovascular events in people without established cardiovascular disease but with cardiovascular risk factors, and whether these effects are similar in men and women, in young and older (>65 years) people, and in people with diabetes mellitus. DESIGN(More)
AIMS Studies have compared safety and efficacy of percutaneous left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation in patients with cardiogenic shock. We performed a meta-analysis of controlled trials to evaluate potential benefits of percutaneous LVAD on haemodynamics and 30-day survival. METHODS AND RESULTS Two(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) after major vascular surgery is an important risk factor for adverse long-term outcomes. The pleiotropic effects of statins may reduce kidney injury caused by perioperative episodes of hypotension and/or suprarenal clamping and improve long-term outcomes. METHODS Of 2170 consecutive patients undergoing lower extremity(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse cardiac events are common after vascular surgery. We hypothesized that perioperative statin therapy would improve postoperative outcomes. METHODS In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned patients who had not previously been treated with a statin to receive, in addition to a beta-blocker, either 80 mg of(More)
The American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, and the European Society of Cardiology are all in the process of completing updated versions of our Guidelines for Perioperative Care. Our respective writing committees are undertaking a careful analysis of all relevant validated studies and always incorporate appropriate new trials and(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac events are the predominant cause of late mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). In these patients, mortality decreases with increasing body mass index (BMI). COPD is identified as a cardiac risk factor, which preferentially affects underweight individuals. Whether or not COPD explains the obesity paradox in PAD(More)
OBJECTIVE Intensive image surveillance after endovascular aneurysm repair is generally recommended due to continued risk of complications. However, patients at lower risk may not benefit from this strategy. We evaluated the predictive value of the first postoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) characteristics for aneurysm-related adverse events(More)
The current guidelines have recommended postponing noncardiac surgery (NCS) for > or =6 weeks after bare metal stent (BMS) placement and for > or =1 year after drug-eluting stent (DES) placement. However, much debate has ensued about these intervals. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of different intervals between stenting and NCS and(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that smoking cessation after a cardiac event reduces the risk of subsequent mortality in patients, but the effect of smoking cessation in terms of prolonged life-years is not yet known. METHODS We analyzed the 30-year clinical outcome of the first 1,041 consecutive patients (age at operation 51 years, 92% male) who(More)