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OBJECTIVE To examine the global prevalence and major risk factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) and vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy (VTDR) among people with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A pooled analysis using individual participant data from population-based studies around the world was performed. A systematic literature review was(More)
PURPOSE To determine the prevalence of presbyopia in the state of Andhra Pradesh in south India. METHODS Comprehensive ocular examinations including logMAR (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution) distance and near (presenting and best corrected) visual acuity, slit lamp biomicroscopy of the anterior segment, and dilated posterior segment(More)
PURPOSE To report the prevalence of pseudoexfoliation (PXF) and its associations with ocular diseases in a south Indian population. METHODS This was a population-based, cross-sectional epidemiologic study in the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh (AP). A total of 10,293 subjects of all ages from one urban and three rural areas representative of the(More)
PURPOSE Ocular burns can damage the corneal epithelial stem cells located at the limbus. This study evaluated the efficacy of xeno-free autologous cell-based treatment of limbal stem cell deficiency. METHODS This retrospective study included 200 patients, above 8 years of age, with clinically diagnosed unilateral total limbal stem cell deficiency due to(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the associations between tobacco smoking and various forms of cataracts among the people of a state in India. METHODS A population-based cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted in the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh (AP). A total of 10,293 subjects of all ages from one urban and three rural areas, representative of(More)
PURPOSE To determine the impact of visual impairment and eye diseases on quality of life (QOL) in an older population of Andhra Pradesh in southern India. METHODS The World Health Organization (WHO) QOL (WHOQOL) instrument was adapted as a health-related quality of life (HRQOL) instrument for administration to adults participating in the Andhra Pradesh(More)
AIM To report the prevalence, risk factors and associated population attributable risk percentage (PAR) for refractive errors in the South Indian adult population. METHODS A population-based cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. A multistage cluster, systematic, stratified random sampling method was used(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify clinical factors and microbiological assays that facilitate a rapid diagnosis of Nocardia keratitis, scleritis, and endophthalmitis, and to determine optimal medical and surgical management strategies. DESIGN Retrospective, consecutive case series. PARTICIPANTS A total of 111 cases of keratitis, 11 cases of scleritis, and 16 cases(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy, safety, and refractive errors of astigmatism after cataract surgery by phacoemulsification and manual small-incision cataract surgery techniques. DESIGN Masked randomized control clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS Four hundred eyes of 400 patients, 1:1 randomization with half in each arm of the trial. METHODS A total of(More)
PURPOSE To describe the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and outcome of orbital cysticercosis in a tertiary eye care center in Southern India. DESIGN Retrospective observational case series. PARTICIPANTS A total of 171 patients with orbital cysticercosis. METHODS Retrospective case series involving consecutive patients with orbital(More)