Sanna Toiviainen-Salo

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BACKGROUND DXA scanner derived images of the spine are used for vertebral fracture detection in adults. It is unknown whether the method could be used in pediatrics. This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of DXA images in vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) in children. METHODS The study included 65 children (37 males; median age 12.1 years) with(More)
This review article aims at summarizing the data regarding fetal and neonatal hydronephrosis, at correlating controversial data with the differences in the practice of obstetrical sonography from one country to another, and finally, at presenting our own criteria for fetal renal collecting system dilatation along with our own guidelines of postnatal(More)
Frequent fractures in children may be a sign of impaired bone health, but it remains unestablished when and how fracture-prone children should be assessed. This prospective study elucidated skeletal characteristics and predisposing factors in children with recurrent fractures. Findings were used to establish guidelines for screening. During a 12-month(More)
Genetic factors play an important role in the development of osteoporosis. Several monogenic forms of osteoporosis have been recognized, most recently an X-chromosomal form resulting from mutations in the gene encoding plastin 3 (PLS3). PLS3 is a protein involved in actin bundle formation in the cytoskeleton. We present a large family with early onset(More)
INTRODUCTION Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by exocrine pancreatic insufficiency and bone marrow dysfunction. These result in malabsorption and hematological abnormalities. A skeletal dysplasia is also an integral feature of SDS. The present study assessed prevalence and determinants of osteopenia and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate peak bone mass attainment in children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease and to identify risk factors for suboptimal bone mass attainment. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a prospective follow-up study of 47 children and adolescents (24 males) with ulcerative colitis (n = 30) or Crohn's disease (n = 17). They were assessed for(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous disodium pamidronate has become an established treatment in osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Another bisphosphonate, zoledronic acid, has been indicated for the treatment of adult osteoporosis. We studied its efficacy and safety in children with mild OI. METHODS Patients were treated for 1.0-3.2 years with 0.05 mg/kg zoledronic acid(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 gene (LRP5) underlie osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome. Animal models implicate a role for LRP5 in lipid and glucose homeostasis. The objective was to evaluate metabolic consequences of LRP5 mutations in humans. DESIGN AND PATIENTS Thirteen Finnish individuals with homozygous(More)
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs), blockers of estrogen biosynthesis, delay bone maturation and therefore are used increasingly to promote growth in children and adolescents with growth disorders. The effects of treatment on skeletal health are largely unknown. Since estrogen deficiency is associated with various detrimental skeletal effects, we evaluated in this(More)
OBJECTIVE Long-term health sequelae of childhood-onset acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remain largely unknown. Low bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) are recognized complications, but it is unknown whether these persist until adulthood. We evaluated skeletal characteristics and their association with ALL therapy in long-term male(More)