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Mulibrey nanism (for muscle-liver-brain-eye nanism, MUL; MIM 253250) is an autosomal recessive disorder that involves several tissues of mesodermal origin, implying a defect in a highly pleiotropic gene. Characteristic features include severe growth failure of prenatal onset and constrictive pericardium with consequent hepatomegaly. In addition, muscle(More)
The study of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) has yielded important insights into the pathogenic mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis. FLS can be cultured from synovial tissue obtained at joint replacement surgery, synovectomy, or synovial biopsy. After collagenase digestion, adherent cells consist mainly of synovial fibroblasts and synovial macrophages.(More)
Neutrophil granulocytes, while migrating, undergo substantial shape changes from the round, resting state to a polarized phenotype. In the present study, we monitored cell volume changes in neutrophils migrating toward the chemotactic agent N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) in collagen gels. Neutrophil volume was measured through optical(More)
Neutrophils increase volume (approximately 15%) when stimulated in suspension, but whether a similar alteration occurs in vivo during migration is unknown. We measured neutrophil volume using serial 0.5-micron sections and three-dimensional reconstruction of rabbit neutrophils migrating into inflammatory lesions in lung and abdominal wall in vivo and of(More)
BACKGROUND Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterised by recurrent episodes of rash, arthralgia, and fever after cold exposure. The genetic basis of this disease has been elucidated. Cryopyrin, the protein that is altered in FCAS, is one of the adaptor proteins that activate caspase 1, resulting in release(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor protein plays a central role in cell cycle regulation, DNA repair, and apoptosis. Recent studies indicate that DNA damage and somatic mutations in the p53 gene can occur because of genotoxic stress in many tissues, including the skin, colon, and synovium. Although somatic mutations in the p53 gene have been demonstrated in(More)
The effect of spinal adenosine receptor ligation on peripheral leukocyte accumulation was studied in two rat models of inflammation. Neutrophil infiltration into dermal inflammatory sites was signficantly reduced by adenosine A1 receptor agonists injected through intrathecal catheters. These effects were reversed by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), and were(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic afferent input to the spinal cord from a peripheral inflammatory site can modulate the peripheral response. However, the intracellular signaling mechanisms in the spinal cord that regulate this linkage have not been defined. Previous studies suggest spinal cord p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and cytokines participate in(More)
INTRODUCTION The objective of this study was to model the effects of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), both present in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovia, on the behavior of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) in response to pro-inflammatory cytokine (interleukin (IL)1beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the novel Janus kinase inhibitor CP-690,550 in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS RA FLSs were isolated from tissue obtained by arthroplasty, cultured and serum-starved 48 h prior to stimulation. Messenger RNA and protein levels(More)