Sanna Rosengren

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BACKGROUND Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterised by recurrent episodes of rash, arthralgia, and fever after cold exposure. The genetic basis of this disease has been elucidated. Cryopyrin, the protein that is altered in FCAS, is one of the adaptor proteins that activate caspase 1, resulting in release(More)
Mulibrey nanism (for muscle-liver-brain-eye nanism, MUL; MIM 253250) is an autosomal recessive disorder that involves several tissues of mesodermal origin, implying a defect in a highly pleiotropic gene. Characteristic features include severe growth failure of prenatal onset and constrictive pericardium with consequent hepatomegaly. In addition, muscle(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic afferent input to the spinal cord from a peripheral inflammatory site can modulate the peripheral response. However, the intracellular signaling mechanisms in the spinal cord that regulate this linkage have not been defined. Previous studies suggest spinal cord p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and cytokines participate in(More)
OBJECTIVES The B-cell chemokine, CXCL13, is a proposed serum biomarker of synovitis in RA. Its behaviour in the context of B-cell depletion therapy and reconstitution was studied during treatment of RA with rituximab. METHODS Serum samples from 20 RA patients were analysed for CXCL13, RF-IgM and anti-CCP by ELISA before and 2 and 6 months following(More)
OBJECTIVES Abatacept is the only agent currently approved to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that targets the co-stimulatory signal required for full T-cell activation. No studies have been conducted on its effect on the synovium, the primary site of pathology. The aim of this study was to determine the synovial effect of abatacept in patients with RA and(More)
OBJECTIVE Treatment with the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (mAb) rituximab is effective in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Marked depletion of circulating B cells, seen in almost all patients, does not correlate with efficacy. The potential synovial immunomodulatory effects of rituximab have not been fully defined. METHODS The ARISE trial is an open label,(More)
Neutrophil granulocytes, while migrating, undergo substantial shape changes from the round, resting state to a polarized phenotype. In the present study, we monitored cell volume changes in neutrophils migrating toward the chemotactic agent N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) in collagen gels. Neutrophil volume was measured through optical(More)
OBJECTIVE Although p53 is overexpressed in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial tissue (ST), few synoviocytes undergo apoptosis. This could be partly due to low expression of proapoptotic genes. Deficient p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA), which is a major effector of p53-mediated cell death, could contribute to this phenomenon. To evaluate a(More)
We developed methods for measuring inflammatory biomarkers (cytokines, chemokines, and metalloproteinases) in synovial biopsy specimens from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). Soluble extracts of synovial fragments were prepared with mild detergent and analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for interleukin 1beta(More)
Hyaluronidase (Hyal) and low m.w. hyaluronan (LMW HA) fragments have been widely reported to stimulate the innate immune response. However, most hyaluronidases used were purified from animal tissues (e.g., bovine testis Hyal [BTH]), and contain endotoxin and other unrelated proteins. We tested a highly purified recombinant human Hyal (rHuPH20) and(More)