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Members of the human cytochrome P450 2A (CYP2A) subfamily are known to metabolize several promutagens, procarcinogens, and pharmaceuticals. In this study, the expression of the three genes found in the human CYP2A gene cluster was investigated in the liver and several extrahepatic tissues by gene-specific reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(More)
Changes in activation balance of different protein kinase C (PKC) isoenzymes have been linked to cancer development. The current study investigated the effect of different PKC inhibitors on cellular contacts in cultured high-grade urinary bladder carcinoma cells (5637 and T24). Exposure of the cells to isoenzyme-specific PKC inhibitors yielded variable(More)
PURPOSE Calcium wave propagation and connexin 26, 32 and 43 expression were studied in normal and malignant urothelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human urothelial cell cultures were established from tissue biopsies obtained from three healthy control persons and compared to human transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cell line 5637. Fluo-3 was used to study(More)
BACKGROUND Shoulder disorders are common problems in primary health care. The course of disease of patients consulting for a new episode of a shoulder problem has been thought to be benign. In this prospective cohort study, we assessed the one-year consumption of medical resources and clinical outcome of shoulder disorders inclusive of all disease episodes.(More)
Severe mental retardation, coarse facial features, clumsiness, and speech failure were common findings in three brothers and one female third-cousin of a family from northern Finland. All the patients had vacuolated lymphocytes in peripheral blood smears, and electron microscopy of fresh skin biopsy specimens showed abundant cytoplasmic inclusions in(More)
Urinary oligosaccharides were screened with thin-layer chromatography among 1058 mentally retarded patients of a geographically defined area with an approximate population of 200,000. Aspartylglucosaminuria was detected in 26 cases and Salla disease in 24 cases. All patients with aspartylglucosaminuria had the correct diagnosis before the screening, whereas(More)
Salla disease is a lysosomal storage disorder associated with increased urinary excretion of free sialic acid. The main clinical features in 34 patients were severe psychomotor retardation of early onset, ataxia, athetosis, rigidity, spasticity, and impaired speech. Growth retardation, thick calvarium, and exotropia were present in about half the patients.(More)
Changes in activation balance of different protein kinase C (PKC) isoenzymes have been linked to cancer development. The current study investigated the effect of different PKC inhibitors on cellular contacts in cultured high-grade urinary bladder carcinoma cells (5637 and T24). Exposure of the cells to isoenzyme-specific PKC inhibitors yielded variable(More)
OBJECTIVE The genitourinary tract is considered to be a target for the actions of sex steroid hormones. Decreased ovarian function and lack of estrogen after menopause are associated with lower genitourinary tract symptoms as well as bladder dysfunctions such as incontinence. Estrogen may also affect urothelial cells. The estrogen receptors (ERs) are found(More)
Aspartylglycosaminuria (AGU) is a lysosomal storage disorder of glycoprotein degradation characterized by severe mental retardation and connective tissue alterations. We have previously described low collagen production in skin fibroblast cultures from AGU patients. In the present work we showed that the urinary excretion of hydroxyproline (total,(More)