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Even a relatively small molecule with 10-20 atoms might have a few local minima, which correspond to different conformers. The number of local minima quickly increases with molecular size and the most common algorithms, driven by calculated forces, frequently identify a minimum, which is closest to the initial structure, rather than the most stable(More)
Energies of different conformers of 22 amino acid molecules and their protonated and deprotonated species were calculated by some density functional theory (DFT; SVWN, B3LYP, B3PW91, MPWB1K, BHandHLYP) and wave function theory (WFT; HF, MP2) methods with the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set to obtain the relative conformer energies, vertical electron detachment(More)
For applications of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) such as gas storage and separation, flexibility is often seen as a parameter that can tune material performance. In this work we aim to determine the optimal flexibility for the shape selective separation of similarly sized molecules (e.g., Xe/Kr mixtures). To obtain systematic insight into how the(More)
The structural nature of high-density amorphous ice (HDA), which forms through low-temperature pressure-induced amorphization of the "ordinary" ice I, is heavily debated. Clarifying this question is important for understanding not only the complex condensed states of H2O but also in the wider context of pressure-induced amorphization processes, which are(More)
We present the in silico design of a MOF-74 analogue, hereon known as M2(DHFUMA) [M = Mg, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn], with enhanced small-molecule adsorption properties over the original M2(DOBDC) series. Constructed from 2,3-dihydroxyfumarate (DHFUMA), an aliphatic ligand which is smaller than the aromatic 2,5-dioxidobenzene-1,4-dicarboxylate (DOBDC), the M2(DHFUMA)(More)
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