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The absolute partial pressure of oxygen (pO(2)) in the mammary gland pad and femoral muscle of female mice was measured using EPR oximetry at 700 MHz. A small quantity of lithium phthalocyanine (LiPc) crystals was implanted in both mammary and femoral muscle tissue of female C3H mice. Subsequent EPR measurements were carried out 1-30 days after implantation(More)
Enhancement of image intensity, using the T1-weighted spoiled gradient-echo (SPGR) sequence, was measured in SCC tumor implanted in the flank of C3H mice while they were subjected to several types of oxygenation challenges inside a hyperbaric chamber designed and constructed to fit in an MRI resonator. The central portions of the tumor gave a positive(More)
An efficient noninvasive method for in vivo imaging of tumor oxygenation by using a low-field magnetic resonance scanner and a paramagnetic contrast agent is described. The methodology is based on Overhauser enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (OMRI), a functional imaging technique. OMRI experiments were performed on tumor-bearing mice (squamous cell(More)
Structural and functional abnormalities in tumor blood vessels impact the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to solid tumors, resulting in chronic and cycling hypoxia. Although chronically hypoxic regions exhibit treatment resistance, more recently it has been shown that cycling hypoxic regions acquire prosurvival pathways. Angiogenesis inhibitors have been(More)
Tumors exhibit fluctuations in blood flow that influence oxygen concentrations and therapeutic resistance. To assist therapeutic planning and improve prognosis, noninvasive dynamic imaging of spatial and temporal variations in oxygen partial pressure (pO(2)) would be useful. Here, we illustrate the use of pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance imaging(More)
MRI using hyperpolarized (13) C-labeled pyruvate is a promising tool to biochemically profile tumors and monitor their response to therapy. This technique requires injection of pyruvate into tumor-bearing animals. Pyruvate is an endogenous entity but the influence of exogenously injected bolus doses of pyruvate on tumor microenvironment is not well(More)
A priori knowledge of spatial and temporal changes in partial pressure of oxygen (oxygenation; pO(2)) in solid tumors, a key prognostic factor in cancer treatment outcome, could greatly improve treatment planning in radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance imaging (EPRI) provides quantitative 3D maps of tissue pO(2) in living(More)
A novel method, called relaxo-oximetry, for rapid spatially resolved in vivo measurements of oxygen concentration using time-domain radiofrequency (RF) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) is described. Time-domain data from triaryl methyl (TAM)-based single-electron contrast agents were processed by systematic deletion of the initial time points to arrive(More)
The time-domain (TD) mode of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) data collection offers a means of estimating the concentration of a paramagnetic probe and the oxygen-dependent linewidth (LW) to generate pO2 maps with minimal errors. A methodology for noninvasive pO2 imaging based on the application of TD-EPR using oxygen-induced LW broadening of a(More)
In this study we report the application of continuous-wave (CW) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) constant-time spectral spatial imaging (CTSSI) for in vivo oxymetry. 2D and 3D SSI studies of a phantom and live mice were carried out using projection reconstruction (PR) and constant-time (CT) modalities using a CW-EPR spectrometer/imager operating at 300(More)