Sankaran Subramanian

Learn More
An efficient noninvasive method for in vivo imaging of tumor oxygenation by using a low-field magnetic resonance scanner and a paramagnetic contrast agent is described. The methodology is based on Overhauser enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (OMRI), a functional imaging technique. OMRI experiments were performed on tumor-bearing mice (squamous cell(More)
Tumors exhibit fluctuations in blood flow that influence oxygen concentrations and therapeutic resistance. To assist therapeutic planning and improve prognosis, noninvasive dynamic imaging of spatial and temporal variations in oxygen partial pressure (pO(2)) would be useful. Here, we illustrate the use of pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance imaging(More)
Structural and functional abnormalities in tumor blood vessels impact the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to solid tumors, resulting in chronic and cycling hypoxia. Although chronically hypoxic regions exhibit treatment resistance, more recently it has been shown that cycling hypoxic regions acquire prosurvival pathways. Angiogenesis inhibitors have been(More)
A comparative study of tissue redox-status imaging using commonly used redox sensitive nitroxides has been carried out using electron paramagnetic resonance imaging (EPRI), Overhauser magnetic resonance imaging (OMRI) and conventional T(1)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, MRI. Imaging studies using phantoms of different nitroxides at different(More)
Enhancement of image intensity, using the T1-weighted spoiled gradient-echo (SPGR) sequence, was measured in SCC tumor implanted in the flank of C3H mice while they were subjected to several types of oxygenation challenges inside a hyperbaric chamber designed and constructed to fit in an MRI resonator. The central portions of the tumor gave a positive(More)
This study describes the use of the single-point imaging (SPI) modality, also known as constant-time imaging (CTI), in radiofrequency (RF) Fourier transform (FT) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). The SPI technique, commonly used for high-resolution solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging, has been successfully applied to 2D and 3D(More)
The application of correlation spectroscopy employing stochastic excitation and the Hadamard transform to time-domain Fourier transform electron paramagnetic resonance (FT-EPR) spectroscopy in the radiofrequency (RF) band is described. An existing, time-domain FT-EPR spectrometer system with a Larmor frequency (L(f)) of 300 MHz was used to develop this(More)
Proton nuclear magnetic resonance relaxation parameters (T1, T2) were measured for over 100 malignant and normal tissue samples of various organs of the human body. The purpose of this study was to estimate the reliability of the NMR technique in discriminating normal from malignant tissues. Breast and cervix samples were analyzed by using the malignancy(More)
The absolute partial pressure of oxygen (pO(2)) in the mammary gland pad and femoral muscle of female mice was measured using EPR oximetry at 700 MHz. A small quantity of lithium phthalocyanine (LiPc) crystals was implanted in both mammary and femoral muscle tissue of female C3H mice. Subsequent EPR measurements were carried out 1-30 days after implantation(More)
A priori knowledge of spatial and temporal changes in partial pressure of oxygen (oxygenation; pO(2)) in solid tumors, a key prognostic factor in cancer treatment outcome, could greatly improve treatment planning in radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance imaging (EPRI) provides quantitative 3D maps of tissue pO(2) in living(More)