Sankar Swaminathan

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The ORF57 gene of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes a nuclear protein expressed during the lytic phase of KSHV replication. An ORF57 homolog is present in all known human herpesviruses and many animal herpesviruses. Many of these proteins have been demonstrated to have essential transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulatory(More)
The ORF57 protein expressed by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) during lytic replication is essential for KSHV virion production. ORF57 enhances gene expression by increasing accumulation of target gene mRNAs. ORF57 interacts with the cellular export factor REF and with RNA, suggesting that it may provide target mRNAs with access to REF, which(More)
The two human herpesviruses that are causally associated with cancer are Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). Both are lymphocryptoviruses that establish latency in B lymphocytes and persist for the lifetime of the host. EBV and KSHV are both linked to a variety of lymphomas. EBV is also a causative agent or cofactor in(More)
UNLABELLED The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) ORF57 gene product is essential for lytic KSHV replication and virion production. Recombinant ORF57-null mutants fail to accumulate several lytic cycle mRNAs at wild-type levels, leading to decreased production of lytic proteins necessary for efficient replication. Several mechanisms by which(More)
To the Editor: Epidemic transmission of Zika virus (ZIKV) has rapidly occurred in the Americas, with most cases limited to mild or asymptomatic disease.1,2 To date, nine deaths from ZIKV infection that were unrelated to the Guillain–Barré syndrome have been confirmed in adults.1 Here, we report a rapidly progressive, fatal ZIKV infection acquired outside(More)
Strains of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) with deletions of the small RNA (EBER) genes were made by homologous recombination using the EBV P3HR-1 strain, which has undergone deletion of the essential transforming gene that encodes the EBV nuclear antigen, EBNA-2, and a DNA fragment that was wild type at the EBNA-2 locus but from which the EBER genes had been(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) SM protein is a member of a highly conserved family of proteins present in most mammalian herpes viruses. There is a significant amount of functional and sequence divergence among the homologs encoded by the human herpes viruses, including differences in mechanism of action and varying effects on splicing and transcription.(More)
The Cp promoter of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) directs most transcription of the EBNA genes in lymphoblastoid cell lines. The functions of two control regions in the Cp promoter have been studied by construction of recombinant EBV strains containing specific mutations in these elements. Mutation of the RBP-Jk (CBF1) binding site reduced but did not completely(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and primary effusion B-cell lymphoma. KSHV induces reactive oxygen species (ROS) early during infection of human dermal microvascular endothelial (HMVEC-d) cells that are critical for virus entry. One of the downstream targets of ROS is nuclear factor E2-related(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a human herpesvirus that causes Kaposi's sarcoma and is associated with the development of lymphoproliferative diseases. KSHV reactivation from latency and virion production is dependent on efficient transcription of over eighty lytic cycle genes and viral DNA replication. CTCF and cohesin, cellular proteins(More)