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The ORF57 protein expressed by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) during lytic replication is essential for KSHV virion production. ORF57 enhances gene expression by increasing accumulation of target gene mRNAs. ORF57 interacts with the cellular export factor REF and with RNA, suggesting that it may provide target mRNAs with access to REF, which(More)
The ORF57 gene of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes a nuclear protein expressed during the lytic phase of KSHV replication. An ORF57 homolog is present in all known human herpesviruses and many animal herpesviruses. Many of these proteins have been demonstrated to have essential transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulatory(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) recombinants with specifically mutated BCRF1 genes were constructed and compared with wild-type BCRF1 recombinants derived in parallel for the ability to initiate and maintain latent infection and growth transformation in primary human B lymphocytes. A stop codon insertion after codon 116 of the 170-codon BCRF1 open reading frame or(More)
To investigate the in vivo role of interleukin-10 (IL-10) in viral infection, we compared infections with a recombinant vaccinia virus (VV) expressing IL-10 (VV-IL10) under control of the VV P7.5 promoter and a control virus (VV-beta gal) in normal and severe combined immunodeficient mice. In normal mice, VV-IL10 infection resulted in less natural killer(More)
Strains of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) with deletions of the small RNA (EBER) genes were made by homologous recombination using the EBV P3HR-1 strain, which has undergone deletion of the essential transforming gene that encodes the EBV nuclear antigen, EBNA-2, and a DNA fragment that was wild type at the EBNA-2 locus but from which the EBER genes had been(More)
Viruses utilize numerous mechanisms to counteract the host's immune response. Interferon production is a major component of the host antiviral response. Many viruses, therefore, produce proteins or RNA molecules that inhibit interferon-induced signal transduction pathways and their associated antiviral effects. Surprisingly, some viruses directly induce(More)
Alternative splicing of RNA increases the coding potential of the genome and allows for additional regulatory control over gene expression. The full extent of alternative splicing remains to be defined but is likely to significantly expand the size of the human transcriptome. There are several examples of mammalian viruses regulating viral splicing or(More)
The Cp promoter of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) directs most transcription of the EBNA genes in lymphoblastoid cell lines. The functions of two control regions in the Cp promoter have been studied by construction of recombinant EBV strains containing specific mutations in these elements. Mutation of the RBP-Jk (CBF1) binding site reduced but did not completely(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) SM protein is a member of a highly conserved family of proteins present in most mammalian herpes viruses. There is a significant amount of functional and sequence divergence among the homologs encoded by the human herpes viruses, including differences in mechanism of action and varying effects on splicing and transcription.(More)