Sankar Nath Sanyal

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The earliest stages of colorectal cancer have been linked to inflammatory responses caused by carcinogens, but the molecular signaling of various pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and transcription factors in colorectal cancer remains unknown. The higher expression and secretion of various pro-inflammatory cytokines and their autocrine and paracrine(More)
Roles of cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme and intrinsic pathway of apoptosis have been explored for the chemopreventive effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on 9,10-dimethyl benz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced lung cancer in rat model. 16 weeks after the administration of DMBA, morphological analysis revealed the occurrences of tumours and(More)
Initiation of various cancers has been observed to be regulated via a prolonged inflammatory state in the tissues. However, molecular role of such a localized inflammation is not clear in the advanced stages of colorectal cancer. In this study, we have elaborated the role of various pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, transcription, and angiogenic factors(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K)/PTEN/Akt signaling is over activated in various tumors including colon cancer. Activation of this pathway regulates multiple biological processes such as apoptosis, metabolism, cell proliferation, and cell growth that underlie the biology of a cancer cell. In the present study, the chemopreventive effects have been(More)
This study aims to investigate the unclear molecular relationship involved in the activation of intrinsic pathway of apoptosis and NSAID-activated gene-1 (NAG-1) induction as a putative target in NSAIDs-mediated chemoprevention of colorectal cancer. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered with a colon-specific pro-carcinogen, 1,2-dimethylhydrazine(More)
Etoricoxib, a second generation selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor had been studied for the chemopreventive response at its therapeutic anti-inflammatory dose in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) induced colon carcinogenesis in rat model. Eight to ten weeks old male rats of Sprague-Dawley strain were divided into four groups. While group 1 served as(More)
This study explored the role of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in dimethyl benz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced lung cancer and its subsequent correction with a COX-2 inhibitory NSAID, etoricoxib. A single dose of DMBA (20 mg/kg body weight) in 0.9 % NaCl administered intratracheally was used to induce tumors in the rat lungs in 20 weeks. The study of(More)
In the present study the effects of two cycloxygenase-2 (COX-2) selective inhibitors, celecoxib and nimesulide as compared to a non-selective COX inhibitor, aspirin was studied in the rat intestine. Female Wistar rats weighing between 150-175 g were divided into four groups having 8 animals each as follows: Group 1(Control), Group 2- Aspirin (40 mg/kg),(More)
Cancer research illustrated that combinatorial studies can provide significant improvement in safety and effectiveness over the monotherapy regimens. A combination of two drugs may restrain precancerous colon polyps, opening a new possible opportunity for chemoprevention of colon cancer. In this context, chemopreventive efficacy of a combination regimen of(More)
The effect of monensin, a Na+-specific ionophore on the oxidative defense system in rat testis was studied. Monensin mixed in the animal diet was administered at the dose levels of 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg b.w. to Wistar rats for a period of 67 days. A marked inhibition in the activities of different oxidative defense enzymes such as catalase, glutathione(More)