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Blood-brain barrier (BBB) together with enzymes restricts the entry of substances for maintaining the internal milieu of the brain. Because of the presence of multiple endogenous transporters, BBB allows a selective entry of nutrients and minerals across it and limits the entry of foreign substances like drugs as well as neuropharmaceutical agents. This(More)
The recent approval of lidocaine hydrochloride and epinephrine combined iontophoretic patch (Lidosite Vysteris Inc.) for localized pain treatment by FDA has invigorated the gaining interest in iontophoretic drug delivery systems for the transdermal delivery of drugs. This technique of facilitated movement of ions across a membrane under the influence of an(More)
Now a day's intranasal (i.n) drug delivery is emerging as a reliable method to bypass the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and deliver a wide range of therapeutic agents including both small and large molecules, growth factors, viral vectors and even stem cells to the brain and has shown therapeutic effects in both animals and humans. This route involves the(More)
INTRODUCTION Betamethasone dipropionate (BD) has anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and antiproliferative activity. The aim of the current work was to test the hypothesis that the addition of corticosteroid such as BD and a keratolytic agent such as salicylic acid in nanocarrier based microemulsions formulation would result in enhancement and sustaining(More)
The objective of the present study was to develop a nanocarrier based formulation of nadifloxacin and to investigate its in vitro antimicrobial effect against Propionibacterium acnes. Nanocarrier based microemulsion formulations were prepared by aqueous titration method, using oleic acid as oil phase, Tween-80 as surfactant and ethanol as co-surfactant in(More)
Silymarin, obtained from Silybum marianum is used for hepatoprotection and having poor aqueous solubility and low bioavailability. Therefore, it was thought to incorporate the drug into oil-in-water (o/w) based nanocarrier to increase its oral bioavailability. In the present study, o/w nanocarrier was prepared by titration method and was characterized for(More)
Nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) is second generation smarter drug carrier system having solid matrix at room temperature. This carrier system is made up of physiological, biodegradable and biocompatible lipid materials and surfactants and is accepted by regulatory authorities for application in different drug delivery systems. The availability of many(More)
Silymarin is a complex mixture of four flavonolignan isomers (silybin, isosilybin, silydianin and silychristin) obtained from 'milk thistle' (Silybum marianum). This plant compound is used almost exclusively for hepatoprotection. Because of its low and poor oral bioavailability, silymarin was formulated as a nanoemulsion to increase its solubility (and so(More)
The purpose of the present investigation was to prepare venlafaxine (VLF) loaded chitosan nanoparticles (NPs) to enhance the uptake of VLF to brain via intranasal (i.n.) delivery. VLF loaded chitosan NPs were prepared and characterized for particle size, size distribution, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency and in vitro drug release. In order to(More)
The purpose of writing this review on floating drug delivery systems (FDDS) was to compile the recent literature with special focus on the principal mechanism of floatation to achieve gastric retention. The recent developments of FDDS including the physiological and formulation variables affecting gastric retention, approaches to design single-unit and(More)