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This consensus guideline was prepared on behalf of the International Society for Holter and Noninvasive Electrocardiology and is cosponsored by the Japanese Circulation Society, the Computers in Cardiology Working Group on e-Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology, and the European Cardiac Arrhythmia Society. It discusses the electrocardiographic(More)
We have examined the relationship between cerebral blood volume (CBV) and electrophysiology over primary somatosensory cortex (S-I) in the rat. We did this by comparing the spatial characteristics and time course of activity-related changes in plasma fluorescence, intrinsic optical reflectance signals, and single unit electrophysiology in S-I to identical(More)
We have investigated the dynamic response of rodent posteromedial barrel subfield (PMBSF) cortex to mechanical whisker deflection, using optical intrinsic signal imaging. While electrophysiologic response in barrel cortex has been well studied, dynamic metabolic changes affecting activity-related perfusion or oxidative enzymes are not well understood. Male(More)
Optical imaging of intrinsic signals was performed in the barrel cortex of the rat during whisker deflections of varying frequencies (1 to 20 Hz) and durations (0.1 to 5 s). A dose-response relationship was shown between these stimuli and the characteristics of the optically recorded intrinsic signal response. At constant frequencies, longer stimulus(More)
OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that human atrial fibrillation (AF) may be sustained by localized sources (electrical rotors and focal impulses), whose elimination (focal impulse and rotor modulation [FIRM]) may improve outcome from AF ablation. BACKGROUND Catheter ablation for AF is a promising therapy, whose success is limited in part by uncertainty in the(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors sought to study mechanisms to explain why single premature atrial complexes (PACs) from the pulmonary veins (PVs) may initiate human atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Theoretically, single PACs may initiate AF if the rate response of action potential duration (APD) restitution has a slope >1. However, human left atrial APD(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether abnormalities of calcium cycling explain ventricular action potential (AP) oscillations and cause electrocardiogram T-wave alternans (TWA). BACKGROUND Mechanisms explaining why heart failure patients are at risk for malignant ventricular arrhythmias (ventricular tachycardia [VT]/ventricular(More)
Patient-specific models of cardiac function have the potential to improve diagnosis and management of heart disease by integrating medical images with heterogeneous clinical measurements subject to constraints imposed by physical first principles and prior experimental knowledge. We describe new methods for creating three-dimensional patient-specific models(More)
INTRODUCTION The perpetuating mechanisms for human atrial fibrillation (AF) remain undefined. Localized rotors and focal beat sources may sustain AF in elegant animal models, but there has been no direct evidence for localized sources in human AF using traditional methods. We developed a clinical computational mapping approach, guided by human atrial tissue(More)