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BACKGROUND Mammalian forkhead members of the class O (FOXO) transcription factors, including FOXO1, FOXO3a, and FOXO4, are implicated in the regulation of several biological processes, including the stress resistance, metabolism, cell cycle, apoptosis and DNA repair. The objectives of this study were to examine the molecular mechanisms by which FOXO(More)
Transcription factor C/EBP-beta regulates a number of physiological responses. During an investigation of the growth-suppressive effects of interferons (IFNs), we noticed that cebpb(-/-) cells fail to undergo apoptosis upon gamma IFN (IFN-gamma) treatment, compared to wild-type controls. To examine the basis for this response, we have performed gene(More)
We have shown earlier that oxidant-induced activation of phospholipase D (PLD) in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) is regulated by protein tyrosine kinases. To further understand the regulation of oxidant-induced PLD activation, we investigated the role of Src kinase. Treatment of bovine pulmonary artery ECs (BPAECs) with a model oxidant, diperoxovanadate(More)
We have described previously a novel interferon (IFN)-responsive cis-acting enhancer element called gamma-IFN-activated transcriptional element (GATE). GATE is distinct from the known IFN-stimulated elements and binds to novel transacting factors. To identify the gamma-IFN-responsive transacting factors that interact with GATE, we have screened a cDNA(More)
Transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP)-beta is crucial for regulating transcription of genes involved in a number of diverse cellular processes, including those involved in some cytokine-induced responses. However, the mechanisms that contribute to its diverse transcriptional activity are not yet fully understood. To gain an(More)
Multiple lines of evidence suggest that the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway is aberrantly reactivated in pancreatic cancer stem cells (CSCs). The objectives of this study were to examine the molecular mechanisms by which GANT-61 (Gli transcription factor inhibitor) regulates stem cell characteristics and tumor growth. Effects of GANT-61 on CSC's(More)
BACKGROUND The forkhead transcription factors of the O class (FOXO) play a direct role in cellular proliferation, oxidative stress response, and tumorigenesis. The objectives of this study were to examine whether FOXOs regulate antitumor activities of resveratrol in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Pancreatic(More)
Metabolic syndrome is common in the general population, but there is little information available on the underlying signaling mechanisms regulating triglyceride (TG) content in the body. In the current study, we have uncovered a role for protein kinase Cbeta (PKCbeta) in TG homeostasis by studying the consequences of a targeted disruption of this kinase.(More)
Interferons (IFNs) regulate the expression of a number of cellular genes by activating the JAK-STAT pathway. We have recently discovered that CCAAAT/enhancer-binding protein-beta (C/EBP-beta) induces gene transcription through a novel IFN response element called the gamma-IFN-activated transcriptional element (Roy, S. K., Wachira, S. J., Weihua, X., Hu, J.,(More)