Sanjib Mukherjee

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Annually, more than a million persons experience traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the US and a substantial proportion of this population develop debilitating neurological disorders, such as, paralysis, cognitive deficits, and epilepsy. Despite the long-standing knowledge of the risks associated with TBI, no effective biomarkers or interventions exist. Recent(More)
INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injury (TBI), a significant cause of death and disability, causes, as in any injury, an acute, innate immune response. A key component in the transition between innate and adaptive immunity is the processing and presentation of antigen by professional antigen presenting cells (APCs). Whether an adaptive immune response to brain(More)
It is known that the incidence of epilepsy increases with age, but only a few studies have investigated the consequences and mechanisms of seizure and epilepsy in aged animals. Astrocytic changes are known to directly influence neuronal excitability and seizure susceptibility. However, information regarding alterations to astrocytes after seizures in aged(More)
Influenza viral infection induces increases in non-rapid eye movement sleep and decreases in rapid eye movement sleep in normal mice. An array of cytokines is produced during the infection, and some of them, such as IL-1beta and TNF-alpha, are well-defined somnogenic substances. It is suggested that nitric oxide (NO) may mediate the sleep-promoting effects(More)
Neurogenesis occurs in the adult mammalian brain in discrete regions related to olfactory sensory signaling and integration. The olfactory receptor cell population is in constant turn-over through local progenitor cells. Also, newborn neurons are added to the olfactory bulbs through a major migratory route from the subventricular zone, the rostral migratory(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been reported to increase seizure susceptibility and also contribute to the development of epilepsy. However, the mechanistic basis of the development of increased seizure susceptibility and epilepsy is not clear. Though there is substantial work done using rats, data are lacking regarding the use of mice in the fluid(More)
Epilepsy is a neurological seizure disorder that affects over 100 million people worldwide. Levetiracetam, either alone, as monotherapy, or as adjunctive treatment, is widely used to control certain types of seizures. Despite its increasing popularity as a relatively safe and effective anti-convulsive treatment option, its mechanism(s) of action are poorly(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the few known etiological factors contributing to the development of post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE). An understanding of the mechanisms involved in the development of PTE is vital because PTEs are amongst the most difficult to treat, and are often resistant to first and second line anti-epileptic treatment regimens.(More)
Annually, there are over 2 million incidents of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and treatment options are non-existent. While many TBI studies have focused on the brain, peripheral contributions involving the digestive and immune systems are emerging as factors involved in the various symptomology associated with TBI. We hypothesized that TBI would alter(More)
Probiotics are living microorganisms mostly bacteria that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host. Benefits of probiotics have been explored over centuries. Many probiotics are culturable components of the microbiota that have been used for their beneficial functions since long before the term “probiotic” was coined. The(More)
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